Avoidant Personality Disorder Essay

2613 words - 10 pages

AbstractAvoidant personality disorder is characterized by an avoidance of social interaction and sensitivity to negative evaluation. The person seeks to avoid social contacts and any situation that might cause embarrassment or anxiety. The patient shows restraint within close relationships because of fears of being rejected or ridiculed. The patient might also be the object of criticism in social situations. Such patientsVarious anxiety disorders during childhood and adolescence might cause social inhibitions which are the characteristic of this disorder. This can include features like being shy, fearful and socially withdrawn. Parental criticism and rejection are also believed to cause Avoidant personality disorder also have feelings of being personally unappealing, socially inept and inadequacy. This article provides an introduction to the disease. It than provides the symptoms associated with this disease. Finally it provides the various treatments which are best for treating this disorder. Research has proven that avoidant personality disorder patients are excellent for treatment. Various psychotherapeutic approaches have been found to be successful which depends on the patient's goals, preferences and psychological mind ness. APD patients respond to kindness and positive regard.IntroductionAvoidant personality disorder is characterized by an avoidance of social interaction and sensitivity to negative evaluation. The person seeks to avoid social contacts and any situation that might cause embarrassment or anxiety. These patients also avoid interaction with close people. The person suffering from this disease is constantly suffering anxiety attacks. A permanent wall of self protection against anxiety is developed by such patients (DSM-IV, 2005).This disease becomes apparent during early adulthood. It has connections with rejection by parents and friends during childhood. There is a dispute whether the feelings of rejection have anything to do with extreme interpersonal monitoring. There are many signs and symptoms of this disease. Sometimes it becomes to dominate the personality of the affected person. At other times it goes unnoticed by people who interact with the patient (DSM-IV, 2005).The patient avoids occupational or social activities that involve interpersonal contact. This might be due to fear of criticism and rejection. The second symptom of this disease is that the patient is unwilling to become friends with people unless the patient is liked. The patient shows restraint within close relationships because of fears of being rejected or ridiculed. The patient might also be the object of criticism in social situations. Such patients also have feelings of being personally unappealing, socially inept and inadequacy. Such patients usually have poor self esteem and have exaggerated fears of criticism, disapproval or rejection. Sometimes this disease is confused with antisocial personality disorder. This disease only causes social...

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