Plagiarism is an act to use the words or ideas of another person as if they were one's own words or ideas. Plagiarism is frowned upon by society because the act not only affects the victim, but also the culprit in more ways than one. The culprit will lose their code of conduct and trust. Plagiarism affects the rules outlining the rights and responsibilities for an individual including ethical, honor and moral codes, as well as halachic and religious laws. To ensure that plagiarism will not be tolerated, almost all institutions incorporate academic integrity. In this research paper, I am going to describe three universities' principles on academic integrity and the consequences of plagiarism.
Texas Christian University in Fort Worth, Texas defines plagiarism as "the appropriation, theft, purchase, or obtaining by any means another's work, and unacknowledged submission or incorporation of of that work as one's own offered for credit. Appropriation includes the quoting or paraphrasing of another's work without giving credit for", according to the Texas Christian University's student handbook. To summarize this, Texas Christian University considers plagiarism as using another's work without unacknowledgment for credit.
The policies and procedures for the students of Texas Christian University states that "Each student is expected to be fully acquainted with all published policies, rules, and regulations of the University and will be held responsible for compliance with them." Texas Christian University's policies on plagiarism and cheating results in some form of discipline, such as grade reductions or even expulsion from class or even campus. The course of action for the misconduct of plagiarism is up to the professor and staff of Texas Christian University.
Comparing Texas Christian University's policies and East Central University's policies, the two procedures for the misconduct such as plagiarism are very similar. Both students from Texas Christian University and East Central University are expected to comply to the policies or action, such as grade reductions and expulsions, will take place and considered by the staff of each university.
Another university that regards academic integrity highly is the University of Oklahoma in Norman, Oklahoma. According to "Nine Things You Should Know About Plagiarism", plagiarism is a form of academic misconduct in which you represent someone else's words or ideas as your own. The University of Oklahoma frowns upon plagiarism because of "the basic expectation in every class is that whatever you write will be your own words, generated from your own understanding .... [and] plagiarism defeats the purpose of writing assignments."
If caught plagiarising at the University of Oklahoma, "acts of plagiarism can receive institutional penalties ranging from a letter of reprimand to required coursework to expulsion. " The article "Nine Things You Should Know About Plagiarism" also goes into detail about these...