This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Babylonian Astronomy Essay

776 words - 4 pages

Astronomy in Babylonia was one of the first moments in history which gave evidence to the strong use of mathematical theory, before this it was believed that the earth was surrounded by a great mass on to which the stars were attached. Magic, mysticism and the heavens was a huge influence on astronomy of those times. However, around 400BC mathematics began to play a crucial role in determining lunar and solar theories as well as planetary movement. Epping and Kugler were two scholars who having discovered ancient tablets dating back to Babylonian times in the British museum, dedicated their lives to deciphering the tablets and without their commitment thousands of tablets containing ...view middle of the document...

The results achieved and the methods used to achieve them became stepping stones into the progression of lunar astronomy.

Historical setting
With Babylonian astronomy being the earliest known form of mathematical astronomy there is not a great deal of information on the history of its primary stages. The majority of the tablets which contained significant text on their theory of astronomy were between the dates 320 BC and 50 BC, before this at around 400 BC the zodiac was introduced which then subsequently was used as the coordinate system of mathematical astronomy. Through the zodiac system, horoscopes developed and these played a significant role in deciding the fate of new born babies as Babylonians believed strongly in determining destiny through the heavenly bodies. Lunar and planetary theories progressed at varying lengths and a number of methods of computation were used. The text on the planets were suggested to have reached their final phases of development around 380 BC, compared to the lunar theory which took longer in its advancement to its final form, around 318 BC. This is likely to be because of the complexity of the theory however, after this time there was not much evidence of further changes to the systems created.
The discovery of Babylonian mathematical astronomy was made public by Joseph Epping (1835-1894) and Johann N. Strassmaier (1846-1920), German...

Find Another Essay On Babylonian astronomy

history of mathematics Essay

1160 words - 5 pages ancient people was Pythagoras. According to the record, though not confirmed, Pythagoras travelled to Egypt to study mathematics, Geometry and Astronomy. Perhaps, it is true, for if not, Greek Mathematics wouldn’t have been more sophisticated than that of Babylonian and Egyptian math. The history further details that the influence of Greek empire had reached Asia Minor, Mesopotamia, and other places. The use of mathematics to adapt to the environment

Ptolemy’s Astronomy Essay

1488 words - 6 pages Greek mathematics began during the 6th century B.C.E. However, we do not know much about why people did mathematics during that time. There are no records of mathematicians’ thoughts about their work, their goals, or their methods (Hodgkin, 40). Regardless of the motivation for pursuing mathematical astronomy, we see some impressive mathematical books written by Hippocrates, Plato, Eudoxus, Euclid, Archimedes, Apollonius, Hipparchus, Heron

What Social and Political Meanings did Mathematics Acquire in the Ancient and Medieval Middle East?

1632 words - 7 pages period. The other fields which made great advances in Mathematics were astrology and astronomy. Therefore great steps were made in Mathematical understanding, but not for the sake of pure scholasticism. Further to this its role in society, as a social and political player, increased dramatically as it became an emblem of justice and a force behind rulers' decisions.Mathematics became essential in dealing with the sudden increase in administrative

history of mathematics

969 words - 4 pages known to them. In addition, the use of trigonometry to calculate the distance between the earth, the moon, and sun was already part of Hindu’s culture. As the western civilization made some innovations in astronomy, Indian had already grasped the idea that the sun, moon, and the earth form a right-angled triangle when the moon is in half full and situated directly opposite the sun. It is really surprising that they were also able to calculate the

The Ancient Catalogs

1995 words - 8 pages . Babylonian astronomy would play an important role in the observations of the Ancient Greeks. There were many well known ancient astronomers. Aristarchus of Samos (310 BC – c 230 BC) was the first to argue for a heliocentric view of the solar system putting the sun at the center of the Universe but his views were rejected by his contemporaries. Eratosthenes of Cyrene (c 276 BC – c 195 BC) created the tech-nique of measuring locations by using

Powers of Mesopotamian Female Gods

2480 words - 10 pages pertains to the religious practices and principles pursued by the Sumerian and Akkadian had a great influence in the different aspects of Mesopotamia, such as in their behavior, political planning and decision making and ways of living. Akkadian is also known as Assyrian or the Babylonian. They were the group of people that governed Mesopotamia for 4200 years from the era of fourth BC up to around third century. Polytheistic was the religion in

Math in Special Education

754 words - 4 pages numbers on bones. Around 25000BC, there were signs of early geometric designs being used. Egypt was using a decimal number system around 5000BC. Babylonian and Egyptian calendars were being used starting in 4000BC. In 3400BC, the first symbols for numbers by using straight lines were being used in Egypt. Hieroglyphic numbers were used in Egypt around 3000BC along with the abacus being developed in the Middle East and areas around the

Religious and cultural influences on Mayan agriculture - Cultural studies - Essay

1470 words - 6 pages Mesoamerica, they are a remarkable group that continue to spark many people’s curiosity with their interesting culture and mysterious historical background. The Maya developed mathematics, astronomy and calendar making, which, combined with their unique religious beliefs & bloodletting rituals, played key roles in the Maya agricultural society.  The Maya were agricultural, and grew crops like squash, beans, and maize in order to survive. And while

Halley's Comet

1162 words - 5 pages as the “broom star”. Writings in other documents suggest that Halley might have been spotted earlier, but the text is too vague to know for sure. Now at home in the British Museum, Babylonian tablets show visits by Halley recorded in 164 B.C. and again in 87 B.C. In 12 B.C., the visit of the “sparkling star” was documented in the Chinese Han Shu or the Book of Han. Some people took the appearance of comets as a bad omen. On the other hand, some

Haley's Comet is Only Comet Visible from Earth with Naked Eye

1139 words - 5 pages return mid-2061. Halley’s Comet has been sighted and recorded for thousands of years by humans. A comet recorded in ancient Greece around 468 B.C. is thought to be Halley. However, the first ever collection of records about Halley’s Comet is from China in 256 B.C. Two Babylonian clay tablets also reported an appearance of Halley’s Comet from 164 B.C. Halley’s passing of 12 B.C. was noted in the Book of Han by Chinese astronomers of the Han

Predicting with the Stars

833 words - 3 pages Predicting with the Stars Suppose that every time a person looked up at the stars, he or she could predict the outcome of his or her daily life, such as marriage, death, or even future career paths. From the early days of the Babylonians to present day, astrology has played a key role in the lives of many individuals, but how does one know that it is reliable? Often confused with astronomy, the study of celestial bodies in the universe

Similar Essays

Ancient Babylonian, Chinese And Greek Astronomy: Comparing And Contrasting

1572 words - 6 pages Astronomy: Evolution of the Universe.Ancient Babylonian, Chinese and Greek Astronomy: Shaping how we view today's universeAstronomy is the scientific study of celestial objects (such as stars, planets, comets, and galaxies) and phenomena that originate outside the Earth's atmosphere (such as the cosmic background radiation). It is associated with the evolution, physics, chemistry, meteorology, and motion of celestial objects, as well as the

Astrological Beginnings Among The Greeks Essay

1504 words - 6 pages consistent, observations of the heavens. "The learned Greeks of the fourth and third centuries received Babylonian astrology and astronomy together, and developed both - (Tester, 19)." Though no calculations could be completely accurate by mere observation, vital Eastern theories set a fundamental base on which the Greeks could build their own methods of reasoning.As Greek astrologers began to create their own theories on the structure of the universe

Ptolemy Of Alexandria, The Influential Astronomer

526 words - 2 pages remain in modern astronomy. Ptolemy was familiar with a early type of astroblade. A skeleton star map which could be rotated above a solid plate engraved with day-curves and hour lines for a specific geographic latitude. Ptolemy became the first person to locate places on the earth's surface by latitude and longitude. Ptolemy often complained about the poor quality of Babylonian planetary data. Eclipses and other lunar events were

Great Civilization And Empires Essay

1315 words - 6 pages The Ancient Western World has contributed to the globalization of life today from generations past to present. Many influences from the ancient times has structured the way nations today are run. Going back into time gives insight to how civilization was formed of empires evolving from one era to the next. Exploring the Babylonian, Charlemagne, and Mongolian Empires will reveal life in regards to social lifestyles, political views, and