History World War One Essay

1910 words - 8 pages

Skye CullenPart A2014 - Year 9 - Australian HistoryKey Data/Background of the Conflict:World War One28th July 1914 - 11th November 1918Political tension between the Austro-Hungarian Empire led to conflict between; Brittan/France/Russia and Germany/Austria-Hungary/Turkey (Ottoman Empire)/Italy. This lead to war. At the announcement of this outbreak, the Australian Government said that if Great Britain was at war against Germany then so were we.The Australian troops were sent over to Egypt to train straight away, then started fighting on April 25th 1915.The role of Women:World War I saw large numbers of women employed as nurses and other medical workersNurses were expected to be single or widowed (as they had to move overseas)More than 2300 members of the Australian Army Nursing Service (AANS) served overseas in war areas.A series of well-known roles women took on during world war 1 consist of;Munitions factory workersSewing bandagesSelling war bonds and shipyardsCookingClerk (banks women)Typist (someone who has a skill in typing)BookkeeperThe Women's Royal Air Force was created, in which most women worked as mechanics on the aircraftCountless women took on voluntary comfort and fundraising roles to support the troops at war.Women would deal with the consequences of war.Fears for the futureGriefTrauma of losing familyWomen were to manage the homeChildrenFamily responsibilityResource shortagesWomen were greatly encouraged to voluntarily join up to organisations to help the war effortAustralian Red CrossCountry Women's AssociationWomen's Christian Temperance UnionAustralian Women's National LeagueVoluntary Aid DetachmentAustralian Comforts FundCheer-Up SocietyWhen world war 1 started, it was highly uncommon for women to have a job, besides domestic dutiesThe role of working rose slightly when the war started, but mainly in the food, clothing and printing industry (these statuses were already classed as female roles though).There was a resistance when it came to women maybe taking over men's jobs who had gone to war.Surveys show that 68% of women changed jobs during the war. 16% moved out of domestic duties. 22% of un-employed workers before the war now had jobs. 23% had changes from one factory to another.When the war started, women were kept from holding a military position (excluding nurse)Women's wages were 54% less than men's.The Conscription Debate:Conscription is compulsory enlistment in the armed forcesThe conscription debate began in 191650, 000 men signed up before the end of 191410, 000 continued to sign up each month until the month of the Gallipoli landing in April 1915, when the sign ups dropped increasingly to 6, 000.The number of people volunteering to enlist for the Australian Imperial Force (AIF) was so high that recruitment officers were forced to turn people awayAs the war went on, casualty rates increased and the volunteer number dropped increasinglyBy 1916, they faced a shortage of menPrime Minister Hughes agreed to Brittan that...

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