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Bacteria, Prions, And Viruses Essay

1023 words - 5 pages

Prions, bacteria, and viruses are all kind of blurred together and known generically as the same thing. All of them infect your body in some way, whether it is a viral infection or a bacterial infection. Most diseases can be treated and/or prevented by the aid of vaccines and antibiotics.
Bacteria contain both DNA and RNA. These nucleic acids float freely in the cytoplasm of the cell. Bacterium reproduces asexually by using bacterial fission. Fission is kind of like mitosis, the cells insides are copied and the cell splits into two, then four, etc. Some bacteria is beneficial for our bodies, the bacteria that is unwanted can be cured by using antibiotics. Bacterium infect through ...view middle of the document...

Currently there is no specific treatment for CMV. Once a person has had the virus it lays dormant, but can be reactivated. CMV can lie dormant for many years before it becomes reactivated. 1% of infants become infected with the virus before birth. Infants who are infected with cytomegalovirus usually show no symptoms, but are at a higher risk for hearing, vision, neurological, and developmental problems. The virus infects the babies in the birth canals, but it can also be passed through breast milk. People who are already infected with AIDS can receive serious health problems if they get infected with cytomegalovirus. Patients are given anti-viral vaccinations to prevent the spreading of CMV. Viral infections don’t tend to go away really, unlike bacterial infections. Through viruses the vaccination or anti-viral meds will allow the virus to lie dormant; with bacterial infections antibiotics kill off the harmful bacteria.
Chlamydia is also a very common bacterial infection. Three million American men and women become infected every year. Chlamydia is three times more common than gonorrhea, and 50 times more common than syphilis. This infection can usually only be spread through vaginal or anal intercourse. Oral infections of chlamydia are possible, but rare. These infections most likely would occur as a result of unprotected sex. If a pregnant woman becomes infected with chlamydia it is possible that the child could get infected at birth. ¾ of women with chlamydia show no symptoms of having it; same goes for ½ of men who have it. If a woman is showing symptoms of the infection she may have abdominal pain, vaginal discharge, or painful intercourse. Men may have discharge or swollen/tender testicles. Condoms can prevent spreading the bacteria. Treatment usually consists of antibiotics taken 1-7 days. Antibiotics rid the body of the harmful bacterium and treat the STD. Most bacterial infections can be cured unlike viral or prion infections.
Kuru is a neurological infection caused by a misshapen protein or prion. This infection is mostly prevalent to tribes in Papau, New Guinea. Kuru is an incurable infection that...

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