"Bacterial Resistance To Antibiotics" Briefly Explains The Cause And Effect Of The Mass Usage Of Antibiotics, Which Led To Many Strains Of Bacteria To Become Resistant To Such Antibiotics.

1400 words - 6 pages

Penicillin was the first antibiotic discovered. Soon more and more antibiotics were developed. The excess amounts of these antibiotics have caused many bacteria to produce strains that are resistant to antibiotics (Nicolaou). During the last decade, there has been a shocking increase in the appearance of antibiotic-resistant bacteria because of an increased use of antibiotics combined with the extraordinary ability of bacteria to develop resistance. A related question and potential problem is whether the supposedly less fit, dangerous, resistant bacteria might accumulate compensatory mutations that restore fitness and virulence without loss of resistance, and thereby stabilize the resistant population. Many bacteria become resistance because of human errors and the excess use of antibiotics to kill bacteria (Levy).When we take antibiotics as a prescription, the doctor will always tell you to take if for some number of days. However, right after we start to feel better, we stop taking it. This leads to resistant-bacteria. Most of the bacteria will be dead when you stop, but some will still be alive. These will be the ones that are a bit more resistant to the antibiotic, but still not immune. When we stop taking antibiotics, the resistance ones may still be alive. Soon those bacteria will pass on their traits of being resistant to the antibiotic. Then the bacteria will overrun the body again, and the antibiotics will not work as well. Another reason for the increase in resistant bacteria was the unnecessary use of antibiotics. Over 60 percent of doctors have admitted to giving out prescriptions for antibioticsOne researcher, Dr. Patricia Priest, studied the relationship between antibiotics that were given to a community and any antibiotic-resistant bacteria that was discovered in the community (Priest). Her research found that trying to attempt the use of antibiotics is not the best way to handle a situation of antibiotic-resistant bacteria from spreading (Priest).Her research added to the various things known about resistant bacteria. One of the things known before her research was that the probability of anyone having resistant bacteria was increased by the use of antibiotics. "There are significant but low correlations between antibacterial prescribing and resistance in routine isolates of urinary coliforms", says Priest adding to the known facts of resistant bacteria. Her research also states that better methods of treating antibiotic-resistant bacteria are needed (Priest).Her analysis involved gathering microscopic organisms and assessing various data about the organism including what is was, where it was from, and what it was weak against. She gathered about 405 organisms for her inquiry from various practices and primary care groups. The analysis focused on organisms that cause the two most common indications for antibiotic-prescribing in UK general practice (urinary tract and respiratory tract infections) and the drugs most commonly used to...

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