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Bacterium Clostrodium Botulinum Essay

2000 words - 8 pages

Botulinum toxin is one of the most lethal substances known that could destroy the human race. Despite being so lethal scientists diluted this toxin and are using it as a treatment for excess muscle contraction, spasms, crossed eyes, facial muscles or vocal cords, muscle stiffness in people with upper limb spasticity and many other illnesses. Hence, one important factor about botulism toxin is that providers must use the proper amount and right dosage. In 1989 the Federal Drug Administration (FDA) approved the diluted solution toxin now known as “Botox” for treating blaspharospasm (eyelid spasms) and crossing of the eyes. Another important discovery was made by a Canadian Ophthalmologist ...view middle of the document...

The way this poison works is by “blocking neurotransmission in chloinergic nerves in humans and animals causing botulism a lethal facial paralysis”(Zhang). This poison is found in plants, soil, water and the intestinal tract of animals. This toxin can enter a victim body through contaminated food or drinks. Even though, botulinum neurotoxin is so lethal pharmaceuticals are using it to treat muscular disease and other disorders. Some of these disorders are torticollis (twisted neck), focal dystonia (involuntary muscle contraction), inappropriate contraction of gastrointestinal sphincters, eye disorders, migraine, genitourinary disorders (genital and urinary disorder), cancer and for cosmetic use (Zhang).
In 1989 the FDA approved the diluted toxin to treat the eyelid spasm and crossing of the eyes. This toxin has been very beneficial to society because of the wonders the medicine has done. For example, people that have the condition crossing of the eyes, can currently be cured and live a happier and normal life. Hence, people having migraine headaches can reduce their pain by using this diluted poison and can live a normal life. “Researchers from Harvard University found that people who describe their migraine as a “crushing” pain went from an average of 16 migraines days per month to one migraine days after botox treatment”. (Bauer 340)
One of the biggest break throughs occurred when Jean Carruthers the Canadian ophthalmologist was treating her patients for eye conditions, she noticed that some of their wrinkles had also subsided. Carruthers shared her findings with her husband Dr. Carruthers, a dermatologist, and he decided to investigate. After injecting the dilute toxin into the skin of some of his patients, (as well as on themselves) they discovered that their wrinkles subsided. The Canadian Doctors tried to persuade the scientific community of their findings but they considered them crazy. They continued to insist and finally the scientific community accepted the use of diluted botulinum toxin to eliminate wrinkles. In 2002 FDA approved the use of this toxin for the treatment of frown lines. This has been one of the biggest discoveries in medicine because for many years people were looking for the fountain of youth and finally scientists found it. More recently, the majority of the wealthy people are using what is now called “Botox” to eliminate their wrinkles. This medication has an annual gross income of more than $1.3 billion. However, since the Carruthers never patented it for that use they have missed out on obtaining the monetary gain. Botox is so effective that scientists are continuing to experiment to see if they can reduce aging completely and if they do, people can live over a hundred years without aging. Hence, the rich and the famous are willing to do anything in order to slow down the aging process and they are willing to spend any amount of money in order to maintain their youth.
Another important aspect...

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