Baroque Art in Europe and North America
Throughout this research paper the topic is going to be along the lines of the Baroque Art in Europe and North America, which comes from chapter nineteen of our Art History book. The main purpose is to review major ideas and principles in this chapter by writing an analysis of certain points that were highlighted. For example, certain techniques that were used to define the Baroque Art, major sculptures, architectures, and paintings, and also just some general background information about this time period. I decided to write on this subject because when reading the chapters, the Baroque period seemed to catch my attention the most due to the amazing architecture that was built during this time.
The Baroque period is understood to be around the time frame of the 1600 to about 1750’s and was greatly supported by the Catholic Church and also by the Popes during this time. According to the History and Appreciation of Art, ”The term Baroque is from the Portuguese barroco, which means a ‘misshapen pearl’ and the Baroque was the final phase of the Renaissance or an era distinct from both the Renaissance and the modern era”(History and Appreciation of Art). Baroque is a word that is considered to be a style that emerged in Europe in the late sixteenth century and that last approximately into the eighteenth century. “Baroque, as a formal style, is characterized by open compositions in which elements are placed or seem to move diagonally in space” (Stokstad pg. 721). Baroque art and for that matter seventeenth century art was known to be more of naturalistic form and used very strong movements of lighting in their paintings, sculptures, and architectures. For instance, “... Baroque is dynamic with tension between naturalism and classicism. Baroque has very dramatic lighting with strong artificial light and dark. Strong movement exists in the paintings and architecture, both real and unreal” (History and Appreciation of Art). According to our book in regards to the Baroque period taking a naturalistic form,
“The desire for realism was inspired in part by the growing interest in the natural sciences: Biological sciences added to the artists’ knowledge of human and animal anatomy and botany; physics and astronomy changed their concept of space and light” (Stokstad pg.722).
During this time frame of the Baroque period in the seventeenth century, the types of techniques that were used were very important aspects of the artists’ paintings. First of all, the major types and techniques in this time era were genre, glazes, impastos’, etching and dry point, which is a technique where images are done on metal plates, and tenebrism or also known as chiaroscuro. The paintings and sculptures of the Baroque period had some diversity them such as large religious or historical paintings. Also, portraits of people, still life or shots and then finally genre, which is...