Basal Cell Carcinoma:
Basal cell carcinoma is a mass of cells that has grown in an abnormal and uncontrollable manner. These cells clump together to form a tumour, which is a malignant cancer. It is thee most common type of skin cancer and it can be characterised as a “slow-growing” cancer that rarely spreads to neighbouring sites to form more malignancies (Kumar et al., 2012:864).
A person who has made contact with the sun is at risk of developing this type of skin cancer. Generally people with lighter coloured skin are more susceptible of developing this skin cancer than people who are darker skinned. People with lighter coloured eyes also have a greater ...view middle of the document...
1. Nodular basal cell carcinoma:
This manifests itself as an open sore on the surface of the epidermis. The sore bleeds and remains open for a number of weeks before it heals only to reopen (SkinCancer, 2014).
2. Superficial basal cell carcinoma:
This appears as a reddish patch that gives off an irritation sensation. It most frequently occurs in the face, but it may occur on the chest and shoulders too (SkinCancer, 2014).
3. Pigmented basal cell carcinoma:
A growth that surfaces on the skin, that appears as a bump or nodule. It is pink or red in fair individuals and black or brown in darker individuals (SkinCancer, 2014).
4. Morpheaform basal cell carcinoma:
Has the appearance of a scar, with a yellow or white waxy layer. This carcinoma usually appears smaller on the surface of the infected area than it is under the affected area (SkinCancer, 2014).
5. Fibroepithelioma of pinkus:
This appears as a pink growth with a crusted centre. When it grows larger, blood vessels start to appear on the on the surface of the affected area (SkinCancer, 2014)..
How is this disease diagnosed?
The diagnosis of basal cell carcinoma is only possible by an accurate (Khalifa & Adil, 2012:44) histological assessment of the specimen obtained from the affected party. A skin biopsy is taken to confirm if a patient has the disease. There are different kinds of skin biopsies that can be used to obtain a specimen from the patient.
1. Shave biopsy:
A very thin layer of the skin is removed from the patient with the use of a scalpel (American Cancer Society, 2014)
2. Punch biopsy:
A punch biopsy is used to obtain a specimen from a deeper layer of the skin...