According To Our Textbook, Educational Psychology By John Santrock, Autism

1377 words - 6 pages

According to our textbook, Educational Psychology by John Santrock, Autism is an often-severe developmental disorder with an onset in infancy that includes deficiencies in social relationships, abnormalities in communication, and restricted, repetitive, and stereotyped patterns of behavior. To start to understand this disorder I had to break down the definition provided by our text book into simpler terms. In the paragraphs to follow I will break down the text book definition of autism, as well as, provide examples of noticeable behavior of an Autistic child. I will also discuss the difficult challenges a teacher may face when teaching a child with this disorder. This paper will equally address how to help the parents of a recently discovered Autistic child gain an understanding of the disorder. I will also address my concerns and goals when I am presented with an Autistic child in my life. There are a several parts to the Autism definition provided by the textbook. I found myself having to scratch deeper into the surface of the definition to get a better grasp of what Autism is. Autism can be a severely handicapping disorder for some children. Some Autistic individuals are wheel chair bound and have very poor, if any communication skills. While others are able to function in the world that surrounds them even getting great jobs, as long as, employers are open minded and embrace diversity. For those that are able to function in society it is with a lot of hard work and determination. Many Autistic individuals overcome sensory problems, auditory problems, or tactile problems to name a few obstacles of this disorder. It is hard to image how handicapping it is for individuals that have sensory problems. You can observe sensory problems by watching the way children react or do not react to their environment. An Autistic child may be oversensitive to how loudly a door is shut, how hard of a time they have adjusting to turning on the lights after watching a movie, or how much the smell of the cafeteria staff making lunch bothers them. Someone with a sensory problem is under or overly dysfunctional with one or more of their five senses. However, there are many successful people with Autism functioning in the daily routine of life with sensory problems. Autism also is defined to include deficiencies in social relationships. This means that Autistic children have a dysfunction in their social behavior. They could be socially avoidant. A child may avoid all forms of social interaction. This type of behavior is marked by running away from an interaction or throwing a temper tantrum to avoid contact. Some Autistic children are socially indifferent. They only seek social interaction when they want to. Socially indifferent children are content to be on their own. They do not mind having other individuals around them but do not engage in communication unless it suits their needs. There is still another type of social behavior I read about which is...

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