This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Basic Teachings Of The Great Philosophers

4094 words - 16 pages

Basic Teachings of the Great Philosophers

VI. The Soul and Immortality

1. What is Aristotle's view?

Aristotle taught others that the soul is to be found wherever life is. Since signs of life are found in nature, the soul must be found throughout nature. He also believed that the human soul is higher than other beings because it has the ability to think in terms of concepts. He also stated that the soul of man has the power of reason. This reason perceives concepts just as the lower part of the soul perceives objects in the world. He believes there are only two types of reason. Creative reason and passive reason. Creative reason is a form and it existed before body and soul. Passive reason is passive and will perish when the body is ultimately destroyed. Personal immortality is impossible. The only part of the soul that survives death is actually part of God and simply returns to God.

2. What's Aquinas's view?

Alquinas had a slightly different view than Aristotle. Aquinas believed God created the human soul. This soul was immaterial and the intellectual and vital principle of the body. The soul is added to the body only at birth and this soul can will. It does not depend on the body for existence or function. Therefore, it can continue to act even after the body has perished. The soul forms a spiritual body for itself so it can live for eternity. Almost all of the Christian believers today still follow this view.

3. What's Bacon's view?

Bacon had an interesting view on the Soul and Immortality. His view is fairly different from anyone else. He believed the human soul was actually two souls, one divine or rational and the other irrational. He said that the divine soul could only be handled by religion and nothing else. The irrational soul was open to study through scientific methods. Through science we can find the soul to be material, but invisible which resides in the head and runs along the nerves. This soul was the basis for reason, imagination, understanding, memory, appetite, and will.

4. What's Locke's view of immortality?

Locke believed that the body was composed of both souls and the body. Souls, according to Locke, are spiritual substances with the power to perceive, will, and think. Man has arrived at the idea of the soul from combining various operations of the human mind. The soul is both passive and active. It is passive because bodies influence it so that it has ideas. It is active because it interacts with the body. The soul is immortal. It lives after death of the human body, and is a matter of faith. It is not anything of which we can have a clear or distinct idea. It is something above reason.

5. What's Kant's view of Reason?

Kant had a view that’s more practical then anyone else’s. He believed that understanding couldn’t know anything. It could only know something that is experienced. Reason can go beyond this and conceive a world of which we can have no actual experience. It...

Find Another Essay On Basic Teachings of the Great Philosophers

The Philosophical Teachings of Supernatural Essay

1691 words - 7 pages mainstream television show are many philosophical teachings expressed through the plot and dialogue several of the show’s episodes. In the show Supernatural, many of the philosophical teachings of Freud, the Rule Utilitarians, and the Stoics are present within the storyline. In the season two episode “Bloodlust,” the character Gordon Walker exhibits the ideas of Rule Utilitarianism. In this episode, Gordon uses his past experiences to

The True teachings Of Islam Essay

826 words - 4 pages The particular Holy Qur'an could be the maximum specialist inside Islam. It includes the actual terms regarding The almighty since uncovered to be able to Prophet Muhammad (R) and also noted simply by his / her friends. Inside implementing the particular Qur'anic teachings to be able to everyday activity, Muslims are based upon the particular Sunnah (sayings and also activities) with the Prophet (R). This kind of slimmer can be a concrete floor

History, Basic Teachings, Writings, Symbols, and Practices of Judaism: Determine the historical development of Judaism - Describe the major tenets of Judaism

2250 words - 9 pages basic laws which every society needs to enforce". ( ). The purpose of this story is to explain the basic teachings and purpose of hop and why the Ten Commandments became the law of God there will not be chaos throughout the World.Question: Briefly examine the development of ideas and values that led to the formation of monotheism.Response: "Many 19th century scholars held that monotheism

The Most Influential Group of Philosophers

753 words - 3 pages In the course of human history, there have been many great, influential philosophers that have changed our view of this small planet and the universe around it. Perhaps the most influential group of philosophers came from ancient Greece. Many ideals and principles we use today come from three prominent philosophers named Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. These men will soon (not in their lifetimes) change the course of human history and the

The Heavenly City of Eighteenth Century Philosophers

2038 words - 9 pages I. Introduction a. The medieval world, epitomized by Thomas Aquinas, had unwavering belief in religious doctrine and viewed the Great Chain of Being as the concept that gave absolute structure to society. b. The world of the philosophes c. The commonly ascribed difference between the two d. Becker’s argument i. The eighteenth century philosophers were more similar to the thirteenth century theologians than to humans today. ii. The 18th century

The Life and Teachings of Confucius

1747 words - 7 pages Confucius was a Chinese philosopher who lived and taught in a period when the unified Chou kingdom had split into a number of feudal states. The subjects that will be talked about is: The philosopher himself, the Analects and what they represent, and lastly the teachings and what a single interpretation of them could be, and what further questions could be asked for further interpretation. Confucianism is the study of the social philosophy

The Teachings of Mathematics Education in America

987 words - 4 pages The Teachings of Mathematics Education in America Math educators in the United States should stress the understanding of the learners and teach them to process certain understanding to succeed in mathematics. The connection between math understanding and the reading of math problems should be raised in smaller grade levels so students have a better understand of math at younger ages. Yet it is not all the students’ part in learning the math

The Teachings of Sri Guru Granth Sahib

697 words - 3 pages Wahe guruji ka khalsa Wahe guruju ki fathe As a Sikh, I have read the teachings of the ten gurus, seen the peace that kirtan brings many, and seen how the many aspects of our religion inspires the sangat. All of these positive aspects come from one common source: Sri Guru Granth Sahib. This holy book is composed of the innumerous teachings of our Gurus and moves, appeals, and inspires me and other Sikhs. It was made to lead and guide the sangat

The Teachings and Legend of Deitrich Bonhoeffer

2317 words - 9 pages . The children did exceptionally well in school and largely due to the fact that she gave them a great start, they took and exceeded the school-leaving exam at a young age. Paula handled everything, and this made others assume that she, not her husband, was the one who ruled the house (Bethge, 8). Many of Paula's characteristics were inherited by Dietrich. Karl was not always around, as he had a demanding and time-consuming profession as a

Title: Muhammads Life and his Teachings. This paper is a chronological detail of the great Prophet Muhammad. It includes the details of the Islamic faith

1123 words - 4 pages era."Muhammads teachings are included in what is now called "Hadith". It is a record of Muhammads words and deeds according to his wives, relatives and companions" (Araby, 2001). Muhammad was fifty years old when he went to the small city of Medina with his good friend and faithful follower Abu Bekr. The people of Medina welcomed him and adopted his ideas and his new faith. Soon he became both their spiritual and political leader and started to

The Inspirational Dreams, Views and Teachings of Great People: This essay discusses leaders such as Martin Luther Kink Jr., Mahatma Gandhi, and even various prophets

807 words - 3 pages The Inspirational Dreams, Views and Teachings of Great PeopleHistory is made up of significant events, which shape our future and exceptional leaders who influence our destiny. Leaders such as Martin Luther Kink Jr., Mahatma Gandhi, and even various prophets. Their contributions to our history place them in this unique position.Each of them has their own stories, dreams, views, beliefs and goals in life; and yet they are also similar in a vast

Similar Essays

The Teachings Of Plato Essay

843 words - 4 pages For the longest time, philosophers have shaped culture and beliefs into what is known as society today. Socrates was a Greek philosopher who inspired many (still inspiring the youth today) despite the controversial ideas he presented about 2,000 years ago. Philosophies and teaching of Socrates evolved the way of thinking and points of interests during the time period in which Socrates lived. This Greek philosopher’s teachings were unlike those

The Teachings Of Confucius Essay

3809 words - 15 pages guide for every cultivated Chinese person. Its content included sayings by Confucius and treatises composed by his disciples. These treatises have been considered accurate teachings of the master. The cornerstones of the book were two treatises known as the Doctrine of the Mean and Great Learning, which were united with other texts and are now part of the four books (Aiken, "Confucius," n.p.). Confucius' concern for the behavior of rulers is

Moral Reasoning By The Great Philosophers

1642 words - 7 pages stemmed from Swiss psychologist Jean Piaget; who was one of the first to study systematically moral reasoning in children. Lawrence was also influenced by Socrates, Immanuel Kant, & John Rawls. These were philosophers who preceded Kohlberg and what led him to make "Kohlberg's Stages of Moral Development." According to Kohlberg, although the specific content of moral codes can vary from culture to culture, what really distinguishes among cultures is

The Effects Of Buddhist Teachings Essay

2831 words - 11 pages (Nibbana) and to realize their potential. Poverty is something that many people dread and would never want to experience. Everyone in this world wants to be rich. Some view wealth as a symbol of happiness and poverty as a sign of misery. Well in Buddhism, wealth does not guarantee happiness for it is impermanent. People suffer worldwide, rich or poor but the ones who understand Buddhist teachings are those who can or will find true happiness. It is a