This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Battle Of Gallipoli Essay

1004 words - 5 pages

Battle of Gallipoli

By the spring of 1915, the Western Front was locked in a deadly stalemate. Enemy troops could stare at each other from across the line of trenches that stretched from the English Channel up into the Swiss border. Neither side of the powers could outmaneuver the other, which resulted in a deadly charge against one another’s well-fortified defenses. The Entente Powers began to search for another way to strike at their enemies; it was at this time that Russia found themselves threatened by the Turks in the Caucasus and called to its allies for aid.

Allied leaders, including Winston Churchill and Lord Kitchener, evaluated their maps to find a way around the impasse and ...view middle of the document...

Hamilton was given a force of 75,000 men by Kitchener and an additional 18,000 French colonial troops. He set sail from England without his staff and with the absence of proven intelligence data concerning the Turkish defenses. To add to his woes, there was an extended delay in arranging for the receipt of his ground troops, since those who arrived early at Mudros were dispatched to Egypt. This five-week setback gave the Turkish forces plenty of time to procure additional forces to counter the impending British-French attack.

Despite opposition, Australian and New Zealand troops won a bridgehead at Gaba Tepe- later to be renamed Anzac Cove in honour of the victory- on the Aegean side of the Gallipoli peninsula. British troops, commanded by Hamilton, planned to land in five different points around Cape Helles, but they established footholds in only three before asking for reinforcements. Little was achieved for the Entente powers, and the Turkish forces took this opportunity to send every available soldier to the peninsula. Hamilton was determined to use the two beachhead gains to extend the Allied position in the south, with attacks aimed towards Krithia. It was decided that three operations led by Lieutenant-General Sir Aylmer Gould Hunter-Weston would be launched upon Krithia. All three of these operations were pushed back by German general Otto Liman von Sanders and his Turkish defense force. Unfortunately for the British, the Turks were bringing forward additional reserves at a greater pace than what the Allies could manage.

Such an injection of additional resources, the Allies devised another major offensive. On August 6th 1915, a three-pronged attack took shape. It was composed of a diversionary action at Helles, movement north from Anzac Cove towards Sari Bair, and a landing in force at Suvla Bay made by newly arrived divisions prepared to attack. The landing attacks at Suvla Bay achieved total surprise and gave local commanders unopposed progress. However the wider offensive began to loose...

Find Another Essay On Battle of Gallipoli

Australia's Role in World War II

2097 words - 8 pages Australia's Role in World War II The Gallipoli campaign was a major land and sea operation of World War 1& 2, in which British, French, Australian and New Zealand forces unsuccessfully attempted an invasion of turkey. The invasion was confined to the Dardanelles strait and the tip of the Gallipoli Peninsula near Istanbul. The Campaign arose with problems faced by Russia; Russia was allied to Britain and France. They

To what extent were the ideals of young Australian soldiers shattered by the reality of their experiences at Gallipoli? Was anything salvaged from such a military disaster?'

933 words - 4 pages and comrades were lost to the hungry and seemingly unstoppable enemy. However what emerged from these realities were selfless acts of heroism and intrepidness that began to define the Anzac spirit.Although the ideals with which the young Australian soldiers went to Gallipoli were seemingly shattered by the horrendous realities of war, what began to emerge from the carnage was a new set of qualities that define the Anzac spirit. The battle at

New Zealand and the Great War

1383 words - 6 pages New Zealand’s involvement in World War I, while short, played an eminent role in the Battle of Gallipoli and in the shaping of New Zealand’s culture. The Australian and New Zealand Army Corps were on the front lines of the Gallipoli Campaign. Although this battle would be won by the Ottoman Empire, many brave men fought and lost their lives for their country and their King. ANZAC Day, which is dedicated to the remembrance of these troops, is

'Elements of the ANZAC tradition and spirit that have remained constant in the Australian society'

1065 words - 4 pages In 2005, Australia will commemorate the 90th Anniversary of the Gallipoli campaign and the forging the ANZAC tradition. The Anzac tradition has been a vital part in Australia's identity since the battle at Gallipoli. The creator of the Anzac legend, official historian Charles Bean, was inclined and responsible for what many Australians heard about their imperishable 'diggers' (an Australia who never quits under hardship), but the Australian

The Great War, a conflict spanning four years from 1914 to 1918, drew countries from across the globe into the First World War

1441 words - 6 pages part of the operation was the retreat, in which not a single man was lost to enemy fire. In the eight month campaign nine Victoria Crosses, the highest military award in the Australian Army, were awarded to Australians. Seven of those nine VCs were won during the Battle for Lone Pine. Over eight thousand Australians were lost during the ill-fated Gallipoli campaign. As difficult as Gallipoli was for Australian soldiers, their deployment to the


2246 words - 9 pages of two young men, Archie, (Mark Lee) and Frank, (Mel Gibson) as they venture into the first war that their country has ever been involved in.Archie, an aspiring young athlete, longs to fight for his country. He reads in the paper all about the battle at Gallipoli, Turkey and from what he understands, Australia is fighting Turkey because they are allied with Germany. Archie runs away from home to sign up to the light horse regiment, but his dreams

Gallipoli War

3493 words - 14 pages the way he became the commander of the troops of the soldiers in the Gallipoli region for a specific area as the Germans and the Turks were allies in the war. Gorgulu points out that Liman Pasha refused better offers for him in other regions of the World War 1 and specifically wanted the Gallipoli region. In his opinion Gorgulu thinks that the Germans wanted to control the battle over that region because when being in charge of the troops of that

Australia's Involvement In World War I

790 words - 4 pages Why Australians were sent to fight at Gallipoli?Australia went to war because we were part of the British Empire. There was enormous enthusiasm. Most Australians in 1914 were of a British descent and many still referred to Britain as the ‘motherland’. They stated that they were willing to fight for ‘king and country’.On 28th June 1914, the heir to the Austria-Hungary throne Arch Duke Ferdinand was assassinated. This started a

Australia's national identity through the events of the two World Wars

1142 words - 5 pages excited to prove itself, no matter what the consequences. Another soldier wrote in his journal: "We have been told of the impossible task before us, of probable annihilation yet we are eager to get to it." The members of Anzac were the first to face this probable annihilation. The legend that was to grow from their actions would live up to their anticipation in every way. This legend would inspire a country.The legend of the battle of Gallipoli

Extending the Legacy

1255 words - 5 pages Extending the Legacy'Australia was born on the shores of Gallipoli.' These wise words spoken by the Former Australian Prime Minister, William Morris Hughes.(Avenue De Sax. 2014. Camp Gallipoli (accessed 29 July 2014))He was describing the way that Australia's international identity was created upon arrival at Anzac Cove on the 25th of April 1915. Through the courageous actions of the over 20 000

Extending the Legacy

1255 words - 5 pages Extending the Legacy'Australia was born on the shores of Gallipoli.' These wise words spoken by the Former Australian Prime Minister, William Morris Hughes.(Avenue De Sax. 2014. Camp Gallipoli (accessed 29 July 2014))He was describing the way that Australia's international identity was created upon arrival at Anzac Cove on the 25th of April 1915. Through the courageous actions of the over 20 000

Similar Essays

Gallipoli Campaign Rhs Essay

906 words - 4 pages failed. There were not many mistakes made by the navy apart from this one but this was partly to blame for the massacre of the allied troops in the trenches. Was Gallipoli Avoidable? If mistakes were not made it would have been a successful battle for the allies. For example, if the allied intelligence had been good they would have known where the artillery cannons, mines, troops and military bases were and could have planned better tactics if

Gallipoli – Best Film To Come Out Of The Australian Film Industry

766 words - 4 pages a clear idea about what it meant to be Australian during the war. Australian’s where so proud of this film because it portrayed them as a unified young nation determined to protect itself. Before the battle Archy tells his fellow soldiers to “make our country proud,” and clearly, they did. Gallipoli is truly a tribute to Australian’s undeniable sense of nationalism and national identity.

Physical Journey Peter Skrzynecki Essay

1221 words - 5 pages Gallipoli through the thoughts and actions of the soldiers and how they portray the hardship of the war. Film techniques such as extreme close ups are used throughout the battle scenes of Gallipoli to build suspense and show the tension and emotion surrounding the soldiers. This is seen in shots where the audience sees an array of hands loading bullets into guns and the soldiers writing letters. Archy's quote "there's a feeling we're all in an

Question: How Does Peter Weir’s Film Gallipoli Embody A Sense Of Australian Nationalism, And In Turn, Both Create And Reinforce A Mythic Australia?

2082 words - 8 pages romantic version of national history. Whilst the film’s title suggests a central focus on the battle field, Gallipoli is not primarily about war- in fact over three quarters of the film is set in either Australia or Egypt, away from the place which gives the film its name. Weir himself noted that Gallipoli centered more on an idea than on historicity, reinforced by many critics, in that “Weir’s Gallipoli seemed so uncritical of the central tenets of the