Social Studies 8
16 December 2013
Battles that Changed the Outcome
The Americans started out as a bunch of uncivilized colonies, but after the revolutionary war, they become a strong country that beat Britain for freedom. On Christmas night General George Washington makes a bold decision to cross the Delaware and ambushed the Hessians. Although risky, Washington brought new life to his rag tag army. General Burgoyne decides that in order to win this war, he needs to cut off New England from the rest of the colonies. Burgoyne’s plan sounded like a good idea to the British, but this action could be argued to be the reason why Britain did not win this war. Nearing the end of the war, the British were scarce on man and supplies. Washington took his army and his French allies to Yorktown and finished the British off ending the war. The most pivotal battles in determining the outcome of the American Revolution were battle of Trenton, Battle of Saratoga, and battle of Yorktown.
The Battle of Trenton was not just about capturing the Hessians. Many events lead up to this war changing battle. When winter came, the American Troops were in a bad position. The soldiers were in need of food and also warm and new clothing. Washington begun to see his army fall apart and troops leave due to expiring enlistments. Washington knew that to keep this army together then there must be a victory to bring back hope. Washington also knew that a victory would also have to come before the Americans bared down for the winter. British troops returned to New York for the winter leaving Hessian troops at small outpost around Trenton to defend after winning Trenton in a previous battle. The British and American armies both should be done with fighting and getting ready for the winter and the upcoming spring. Although this does not mean the Americans did what usually happened around winter.
One of the most important battles was in the Revolutionary War is the battle of Trenton. Although fighting the Hessians was part of the challenge, the other part was simply crossing the Delaware River. On Christmas Night, George Washington led 2,500 soldiers across the Delaware. Getting across the Delaware was slow due to bad conditions. Temperature were constantly changing, which makes at different times rain and other times sleet. Washington knew that a strong boat would be needed to travel through ice. That is why General Washington chooses the Durbam boat. Durbam boats were the boats used to cross the Delaware River (Washington’s Crossing Historic Park). It was Ideal for transporting goods, which made it good to bring troops and supplies across the Delaware. Ice chunks and storms delayed the army. Having completed the crossing around 3:00 AM, they began their march south towards Trenton. Both columns approached the outskirts of Trenton shortly before 8:00 AM on December 26.
Getting across the Delaware was only half the battle; the other part was...