Have you ever speculated who created basketball? Maybe even if different cultures played it and how they did? What the original rules were? How it has been altered since it was first invented? All of these answers can be found in this paper. Did you know that our ancestors played a game sort of like basketball before it was even invented?
Centuries ago in Mexico, people played games where they used a ball and hoop. They would take turns trying to toss the ball into the basket and keep track of how many times each person made a basket. Sometimes the adults and the kids would play this game together and sometimes they played individually.
The Aztec Indians also played a game with a ball and a hoop but they actually did competitions. It was called Ollamalitzli. This game was truly laborious because the hoop was really high off the ground. To win this game you had to make the ball go into the basket. Players who made the shot wore the clothes of all the spectators. The losing team’s captain often got his head chopped off.
This next section will be all about how basketball all started. Basketball was created by a man named Dr. James Naismith. He created this game not for fun, but because Springfield College’s Physical Education class needed a new game to play.
It was the cold winter of 1891 and the head of the Physical Education Department noticed that the students were bored with the usual indoor exercise activities, calisthenics and gymnastics. So he asked Dr. James Naismith to originate a new game the students could play. James tried to adapt sports like rugby, soccer, and lacrosse to the gymnasium. But, each sport became too dangerous when it was played in a small indoor area.
In December 1891, James sat down to invent a new game using a round ball and a pair of goals. Dr. Naismith’s new game could have been called “boxball” because at first, his game used boxes for a goal instead of baskets. The janitor at the school noticed how easy it was to score “boxes”. So, the janitor searched and found some baskets he could hang on the wall. This game became known as basket ball.
The very first people to attempt this new game were the members of Dr. James Naismith’s gym class. At first, Naismith was slightly worried that the students would not like his new game. But after a while he noticed that the students were enjoying it. Of course he had to make a set of rules, so here are the original 13 rules of basketball:
The ball can be thrown in any direction with one or both hands.
The ball can be batted in any direction with one or both hands (batting with the fist is not authorized).
A player cannot run with the ball. The player must throw the ball from the spot he catches it on, allowance to be made for a man who catches the ball when running at a good speed if he tries to stop.
The ball must be held in or between the hands; the arms or body must not be used to hold it.
Any shouldering, holding,...