Be Bop Jazz From The 1950's And Classical Music

2181 words - 9 pages

Classical and Bebop Jazz, while from two distinct musical structures share many similar musical features, such as; harmony, major and minor tonality, use of articulation, use of dynamics, polytonality, and rhythm. BeBop Jazz is a sub-category of Jazz originating in the United States from the 1940's. Bebop Jazz developed as a means to defy the principles of big band music. This genre of music was revered by many because of its freedom to improvise, which at the time was less characteristic of big band music. The Blue Rondo Ala Turk by Dave Brubeck came off the album Time Out in 1959 and comes from the musical culture of Bebop Jazz. This piece, while being placed in the Bebop Jazz category, does hold some elements of Classical music. The "rondo" in the tittle itself indicates that though it's a jazz piece it will be taking on a classical form. It was not until the early 19th century when the term “classical music” was coined. This was in attempt to canonize Beethoven’s period as the Golden age. Beethoven's 5th symphony was composed between 1804 and 1808. Beethoven’s 5th symphony is one of the most famous pieces of work from the classical period. This piece of work although did not gain its recognition till E.T.A Hoffman publicly described the piece of work as "one of the most important works of all time”. Beethoven’s 9th symphony is considered as one of Beethoven’s greatest works and was not until 1824 when the symphony was completed. Mozart’s “A Musical Joke” isn't like most classical piece, it was intended for this piece to be un-serious and very liberal. Mozart’s “A musical Joke” and Beethoven’s 5th and 9th Symphony come from the musical culture of Classical music and while being classical it seems to continue to shares musical features with BeBop Jazz, most specifically the composition by Dave Brubeck.

Link 1: Harmony

Harmony is one of the most prominent techniques used in many musical cultures, but for the purpose of this writing we will now analyze the use of harmony in Classical and Bebop Jazz
Fig.1pieces. Harmony can be structured in many ways, such as consonance or dissonance and in Beethoven and Dave Brubeck’s piece there are examples of dissonant and consonant chords.

Beethoven’s 5th and 9th symphony:
The 4th movement of Beethoven’s 9th symphony has very evident examples of dissonance. In Fig.1 you can see that the first chord played by the orchestra is in a C minor key and is very ominous and dissonant, which starts the fiery introduction popularly known as “the terror fanfare” (Filmer). Refer to track 1 of the accompanying CD, the audio file consists of a dissonant chord played at the start
Fig. 2of the piece, which doesn’t sound very pleasant to the ear.

Beethoven’s 5th symphony consists of some elements regarding harmony thats consonant, for example in Fig.2 in the melodic lines between the flute, oboe, clarinet, and bassoon we can see consonant chords being played. The flute plays the melodic theme which is then imitated...

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