Beccaria, Lombroso, And Durkheim Are Sitting Together Having A Conversation About The Problem Of Crime.

2165 words - 9 pages

Criminology is a field that has been researched for many centuries. Most of the information explaining crime and delinquency is based on facts about crime (Vold, Bernard, & Daly 2002, p.1). The purpose of this essay is to describe the theories of crime and punishment according to theorists Cesare Lombroso, Marcese de Beccaria and Emile Durkheim. The theories were developed in the 18th and 19th centuries to the response of industrialisation and modernisation of societies. The main aims of the theories were to re- establish social solidarity (Vold, Bernard, & Daly 2002, p. 101). The perspectives of criminology in relation to crime and punishment will be addressed in a dialog between the three theorists. The basis of the dialog is to explore the relationships of the positivist and the classical school of criminology theories. Finally, student will ask C. Lombroso, M. Beccaria and E. Durkheim about their theories concentrating on the critique views.Commentator: Welcome to the transhistorical conference on criminological thoughts. This evening we have three theorists, Emile Durkheim who will be talking first. Marcese de Beccaria will speak second followed by Cesare Lombroso, they will be provided us with their theories on crime and punishment. Emile Durkheim will now take the chair, presenting the first argument.Durkheim: Welcome everyone, glad that you could attend this conference. The reason that we are all here today is to talk about crime and punishment. There have been many social changes over the centuries. The traditional and the organic societies direct individuals to control their own desires and ambitions. No living being can be happy or even exist unless his needs are sufficiently proportioned to his means (Durkheim 1897). We need to pursue the resistance from things we encounter over our lifetime. The fewer limits that a person feels may make them more intolerable to all the limitations. To focus on the constant self-discipline prepares individuals to the collective discipline. Whereas the wealth exalting the individual may in fact arouse the rebellion of a person. There is no reason that humanity should not improve the material condition of society. So to say, that law has a major role in maintaining the social solidarity of each type of society, but in different ways individually. Mechanical society has the law enforcing uniformity of the individuals on that society group. Organic society has laws to regulate the interactions of different parts of the society and provides the restitution of wrongful doings in certain cases of criminal behaviour. I propose in my theory that society functions only to regulate the economic interactions of the various components and how individuals perceive their own needs within societies. All crime is present in society and is seen as a normal issue, no clear dividing line to differ between all behaviours that are considered criminal acts. Now crime not only present throughout society it is also...

Find Another Essay On Beccaria, Lombroso, and Durkheim are sitting together having a conversation about the problem of crime.

The Global Problem of Human Trafficking and What Some Countries Are Doing About It

1246 words - 5 pages society as well. Threats to national and international security are constantly a concern for government officials and citizens, because it is believed that many of the sex traffickers are connected to organized crime groups . As well as they place a threat to boarder authority, as millions of people are transported annually across national borders under false pretences . These traffickers will stop at nothing to make these prostitutes do what they

The Problem of Campus Crime Essay

1609 words - 6 pages There are many myths and improper public perceptions about campus crime. There reality is that everyday common property crimes far outnumber violent crimes on campus (Bromley, 2007, pg. 280). This misperception is largely because of many factors. Campus policing has gone through several eras of policing. Unique to campus policing is that there are several influential and interested parties, such as the legislative, and judicial branches of

"Sitting Bull" This is more of a biography of Sitting Bull though the assignment was about how he is a "hero". It would have been an A paper if it was just about his history.

623 words - 2 pages Sitting Bull was the supreme Indian during his time. He was a chief and holy man under whom the Lakota tribes came in coalition in their struggle for survival on the northern plains, Sitting Bull remained defiant toward American military power and scornful of American promises to the end. At a place Lakota called "Many Caches" for they had dug there, Sitting Bull was given the name Tatanka-Iyotanka, which describes a buffalo bull sitting

The role of a Provincial Court Judge, sitting in the

706 words - 3 pages Provincial Court Judge decides using the Balance of Probabilities principle whether a properly instructed jury could convict the accused of their crime. If so, they are moved up and tried in the Supreme Court, but if not, then the accused is released.These are the roles of a Provincial Court Judge sitting in the Criminal Division. They preside over the first step in any crime committed by anyone in the country.

Sitting Bull and the Paradox of Lakota Nationhood

2741 words - 11 pages A Hunkpapa Lakota chief named Sitting Bull and the history of the Lakota nationhood was the chosen subject of Gary C. Anderson to write a biography on. Although most of the history about Sitting Bull took place back in the eighteen hundreds, Anderson did not come out with his book tell around 1995. Addison-Wesley Educational Publishers published the book in 1996. The book follows the history of Sitting Bull and the native Indians fight with the

Poverty and a Lack of Education are Fueling Juvenile Crime

1740 words - 7 pages all three categories (Ryerse).The biggest difference between the upper-class and lower-class communities is the quality of education the youths receive and economic security. In upper-class communities juvenile crime exists, but it is far less common and severe than in the impoverished communities. Neighborhoods with a high concentration of poverty are at a much higher risk of having problems such as single-parent families, ineffective parenting

Are official statistics a reliable source of information about crime in Britain?

1916 words - 8 pages (known as Criminal Statistics of England & Wales). Both Scotland and Northern Ireland have their own respective departments. These statistics include all the information about the crimes that are committed and the personal information about each offender. Crimes have been recorded in this way since 1874 in the UK, and the records have shown that there has been a dramatic rise in crime in recent years. This also matches most other countries in the

David Emil Durkheim and the Social Causes of Suicide

1945 words - 8 pages and others even lose their lives. But most of the revolutions are people driven where common people unites to force change in policies and leadership. This makes the people experience the feeling of success because they are able to conquer the rich and the mighty political elites. It also gives people a lot of optimism about a better future with new leaders and policies (Durkheim). Besides that, revolutions also unites and brings together

The Contributions of Emile Durkheim

2386 words - 10 pages teens Durkheim became convinced that struggle and even sadness are more favorable to the spiritual development of a human being than happiness or bliss. He developed into a seriously disciplined young man. He attended College d’ Epinal and was awarded several honors and recognitions. After that he transferred to a French high school, The Lycée Louis-le-Grand in Paris. While going there he primed himself for the examination that would later open

The Life of Emile Durkheim

1521 words - 6 pages the studies of particular social phenomena, including social solidarity, family and kinship, incest, totemism, suicide, crime, religion, socialism, and law. Later that year he married a woman named Louise Dreyfus. They had two children together named Marie and Andre. Louise devoted herself to Emile’s work. She followed the role of a wife in a traditional Jewish family but also spent her time proofreading and doing secretarial duties for her

How Dangerous are Drugs and What can we do about the drug problem?

1100 words - 4 pages Drugs have infiltrated our cities, our towns and our lives. Though a small percentage of peopleuse drugs, they do attempt to spread their plague among others. But, how dangerous are these mindsuppressors? Do they kill like the statistics show, or is it a coverup to stop people from having a goodtime? Even in Franklin County, there are drugs. How bad is the problem? It is worse then mostpeople think, but what can we do about it? Can we do

Similar Essays

The Influence Of Beccaria And Voltaire.

1604 words - 6 pages ", Beccaria shows his strong, opposing point of view for the death penalty. This point of view became inspiration for others, leading to today.There is a growing movement with the purpose to abolish the death penalty. There is a perfect example of this within Jesse Jackson's Legal Lynching: Racism, Injustice and the Death Penalty. "Violence begets violence, and by endorsing the death penalty, we as a nation are perpetuating the cycle of violence. We are

Why Are All The Black Kids Sitting Together In The Cafeteria?

1370 words - 5 pages people have about talking about racialism. She argues that people are silent out of fear of being impolite, indiscreet and infringing boundaries. Response: I find the statement people are silent out of fear to be true. I try to avoided conversations that could offend someone or could be misinterpret. It reminds of a conversation with a friend one time. We were watching the movie “Lion King” when he jokingly compared me to the laughing Hyena. I

Beverly Tatum's "Why Are All The Black Kids Sitting Together In The Cafeteria?" Report On Racism

723 words - 3 pages When my friend saw me reading Beverly Tatum's book, "Why Are All the Black Kids Sitting Together in the Cafeteria?" she clearly made it known to me that she was color-blind and treated everyone the same. I laughed. I explained to her that racism still happens, and how I thought I too was color-blind until I read this book. The simple statement at the beginning of this book "Is there still racism?"(page3) started me thinking as to what racism

Lombroso And Goring's Theory Of Punishment

5321 words - 21 pages percent or higher. On a recent exam the tables were less successful in two areas: (1) Durkheim, Table 1 and (2) propriety, Table 2. These "failures" reflect the need to spend more time in clarification, especially for nonsociology majors. Fortunately such over- sights are correctable. REFERENCES Allen, Harry E., Paul C. Friday, Julian B. Roebuck, and Edward Sagarin. 1981. Crime and Punishment: An Introduction to Criminology. New York: Free Press