"Becoming America" By Jon Butler: Review.

1080 words - 4 pages

Butler's first chapter shows the decline of Indian populations due to disease, the dramatic decline in the proportion of English colonists and the tragedy of the slave trade, and the largest forced human migration in history, which brought more Africans than Europeans to England's mainland colonies from 1700 to 1770. The account of slavery highlights its brutality and stresses that Americans did not inherit but created the modern system of human and legal interrelationships. He contends that the main reason for the expansion and tightening of the slave system was simple: profit. Butler does discuss other factors, including the decline in the availability of indentured servants, the failure of attempts to enslave Indians, and the cultural predispositions of Europeans to perceive Africans as different, disagreeable, and dispensable, ideal candidates for enslavement. His descriptions of the colonies' extraordinary economic growth from 1680 to 1770, the rapid development of domestic and international markets for the agricultural products that were central to all the colonies' economies, the taking of Indian lands, the division of labor that prevailed everywhere and the increasing gap separating the richest from the poorest Americans, especially slaves, are excellent. He judges all colonists accomplices in the slave system and the destruction of Indian cultures. European settlement throughout the colonies ultimately had the effect of enslaving or oppressing Africans and attacking or infecting Indians. He concludes the chapter by pointing out, persuasively, that in these provinces of plenty, the patterns of wealth and poverty demonstrated how the experience of wealth and impoverishment descended not from the land, but from human innovation, I wanted to know the reasons the colonists themselves offered, or the arguments they had with each other, as they tried to justify the cultures they were inventing, but Butler didn't list them.Butler argues persuasively that America during the late colonial period (1680-1776) rapidly developed a variegated culture that displayed distinctive traits of modern America, among them vigorous religious pluralism, bewildering ethnic diversity, tremendous inequalities of wealth, and a materialistic society with pervasively commercial values.In his chapter on colonial politics Butler outlines the operation of local and imperial administration, the rise of colonial assemblies, and the expansion of the claims to authority of the crown's representatives and the shrinking of their effective power. He challenges other historians' claims about the importance of religion or democracy in American politics. Most local government, he points out, was conducted by appointed rather than elected officials, and even when colonists had a chance to vote, most did not. Moreover, the law denied the vote to whole classes of people: women, servants, slaves, religious minorities, Indians, and many without property. Voting was an innovation that...

Find Another Essay On "Becoming America" by Jon Butler: Review.

Review and analysis of the poem "America" by Allen Ginsberg - written as a lecture, but is in essay format

585 words - 2 pages Allen Ginsberg has been credited "the single greatest influence on the American poetic voice since Whitman", by Bob Dylan himself, and Ginsberg would most probably agree, being his own biggest fan. "America" is typical of Allen Ginsberg in that it's increadibly long. Allen Ginsbergs poems are characteristically long winded and conversational- or monologual- quite unlike the usual style of a poem. He uses peoples full names, and often dedicates

The Life of William Butler Yeats

1270 words - 6 pages become a portrait painter and Susan Mary Pollexfen, daughter of a wealthy family from county Sligo (1). At first his father wanted to be lawyer, John Butler was studying law at the time of his marriage but left the study and moved to England in 1876, where he earned fame as a great painter. His life ended in 1922. William Butler's siblings, his brother Jack maintain his father's artistic talents, becoming one of the most regarded painter and his

Jury Nullification and Its Effects on Black America

3566 words - 14 pages outside of the Black community. He would claim that although these solutions might have some good effects, it is naive of Blacks to assume that they can rely on the solutions to be implemented. Butler stated, "Jury nullification is power that black people have right now and not something Congress has to give them."25 Jury nullification might not seem as appealing as the ideas proposed by Harvard Law Review, but Blacks can implement it

Jon Krakauer: The Man Born to Climb

966 words - 4 pages Krakauer is said to have an "ability to recreate its effects with a lucid and terrifying intimacy." (Krakauer, Student). Jon Krakauer is a noted writer among the young and mountain climbers. An American nonfiction writer and mountaineer best known for his works and the outdoors and mountain climbing (Krakauer, Student). The intention of this paper is to review his life by focusing on biographical information, his literary background, and a brief


856 words - 4 pages the subjects that they will have some form of recap about the story ahead of time so the subjects can actively remember the story. Also, they could shorten the period of time and then quiz them so it would enforce them to review the story. Another isssue with the experiment is that they only experimented with older adults (Dewar, Alber, Butler, Cowan, & Della Sala, 2012). This is an issuse because many adults at this age began to slowly forget

Evolution of 17th Century Virginia

1321 words - 5 pages their slaves, they would not spend any time with them outside of work. (Butler, "The Evolution of Slavery in Colonial America," The Way We Lived, 65) This led to hatred for the white people not to mention the fact that slaves were tortured mercilessly by many owners, given no more rights than an animal, and in some cases even given fewer rights than animals. (66) Not only Virginia practiced this way but all of the colonies took part, especially

Jon Huntsman's Presidential Campaign

2619 words - 10 pages split with his party on one of President Bush’s key initiatives. During the Republican primary, Jon Huntsman said, “No Child Left Behind hasn't worked for this country. It ought to be done away with” (Woodward 2011). This was not an opinion shared by the other candidate in the Republican primary. On immigration, Huntsman supports polices that don’t coincide with his party’s platform. As governor, “Huntsman signed a bill that granted driving


1163 words - 5 pages ) Background and Literature Review A key case which occurred shortly after the ratification of the Constitution provides insight into the historical precedent of the role of jury nullification. (Horowitz, Willging 167) The case entitled Georgia V. Brailsford officially recognized the ability of the jury to weigh the legitimacy of the law when considering a sentence. (Horowtiz, willging 167) Additionally, the case was presided over by the

Into Thin Air

550 words - 2 pages Into Thin Air By Jon Krakauer Jon Krakauer is the author of three books including Eiger Dreams and the acclaimed best seller Into the Wild. He is also the contributing editor of Outside magazine. He and his wife live in Seattle Into thin Air is a great adventure story about Jon Krakauer accent of Mt. Everest. Krakauer Was a member of a Rob Halls “Adventure Consultants” expedition that was going to attempt the summit of Everest on May 10, 1996

New Religious Movements and the Biased Media

3919 words - 16 pages Dali Lama of Tibet, Americans Follow their Gurus with a kind of blind fervor that can lead to unforgettable acts of heroism and generosity, or to death and dissolution. A look at the secret and potent ties that bind gurus and their devotees.” Psychology Today. 31, no. 2, (1998): 55. Nordheimer, Jon. “400 Are Found Dead in Mass Suicide by Cult; Hundreds More are Missing from Guyana Camp,” The New York Times, 21 November 1978, Sec A1

The Business Plot

925 words - 4 pages help of a Marine Corps Major General by the name of Smedley Butler. This may have been plotted because of the financial situation the United States was in at the time, and was eventually brought to the attention of Congress during a hearing through his testimony. Also, because there is evidence supporting this theory I do believe it; however, there is also a small chance that there might also be a bit more to it than being told. Paragraph One

Similar Essays

Critical Review On Becoming A Leader By Warren Bennis

1403 words - 6 pages important tasks. Then why those publications take a colossal part in the market of popular books? Is leadership a learned behavior? "On Becoming a Leader" by Warren Bennis is the book I picked, intrigued by the front cover announcement "The Leadership Classic". Warren Bennis's approach in this book can be described as a "leadership by looking around". He discusses the essence of leadership and how individuals become leaders by examining numbers of

Book Review "Mexifornia: A State Of Becoming" By Victor Davis Hanson

1241 words - 5 pages 1. What are the main points/arguments made by the author?Victor Davis Hanson outlines the pros, cons and stereotypes of the ever emerging state of Mexifornia. Hanson draws his immigration perspectives from his life experiences, namely as a farmer in the small, sleepy town of Selma in central California and as a classics professor at California State University, Fresno, to whom he decided this book. Hanson's town of Selma when he was a child was

Book Review Of The Cheating Of America By Charles Lewis And Bill Allison

879 words - 4 pages What is the purpose of the Tax Code and the Internal Revenue Service? Is it to maintain "equilibrium between the wealthiest and the poorest segments of society" as the authors imply, or to "lay and collect Taxes...to pay the Debts and provide for the common Defense and general Welfare of the United States" as stated in the U.S. Constitution? Charles Lewis and Bill Allison in their book The Cheating of America attempt to address this very

Abraham Lincoln. A Review Of The Book "The Words That Remade America" By Garry Wills

842 words - 3 pages "The Words That Remade America" by Garry Wills is truly a remarkable document. In one sweep, it covers all aspects of the Gettysburg Address: physical and intellectual events leading to the address, the great power of the rhetoric, current and later impact, as well as the who, what, where, when, why, and how of all three. This remarkable document also informs a great deal concerning the man known as Abraham Lincoln, the writer and orator behind