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Beethoven And Mahler Essay

2872 words - 11 pages

Beethoven and Mahler

This report examines the history and musical ability of Ludwig Van
Beethoven with a comparison to another great composer Gustav Mahler.
The purpose of this report is to provide a brief summary of Ludwig Van
Beethoven’s life and compare and contrast Beethoven’s musical work and
life struggles to another great composer Gustav Mahler, who attempted
to improve Beethoven’s work in the late 19th century and early 20th
century. Gustav Mahler and Beethoven were great composers of
different times in the 19th century. Gustav Mahler idealized
Beethoven and his musical accomplishments. To understand the musical
compositions and the inspirations of Beethoven’s and Mahler’s
“improved” masterpieces this report will provide (1) a brief biography
of Ludwig Van Beethoven, (2) a brief overview of Beethoven’s musical
career, (3) inspirations and beginning works of Mahler, (4)
comparison of Beethoven’s and Mahler’s music and life struggles, and
(5) a conclusion summarizing the report.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION

Brief Biography of Ludwig Van Beethoven

Ludwig Van Beethoven was a German Composer, considered one of the
greatest musicians of all time. Having begun his career as an
outstanding improviser at the piano and composer of piano music,
Beethoven went on to compose string quartets and other kinds of
chamber music, songs, two masses, an opera, and nine symphonies.

Beethoven was born in Bonn. His father’s harsh discipline and
alcoholism made his childhood and adolescence difficult. At age 18,
after his mother’s death, Beethoven placed himself at the head of the
family, taking responsibility for his two younger brothers, both of
whom followed him when he later moved to Vienna, Austria

In Bonn, Beethoven’s most important composition teacher was German
Composer Christian Gottlob Neefe, with whom he studied during the
1780's. Neefe used the music of German Composer Johann Sebastian Bach
as a cornerstone of instruction, and later encouraged his student to
study with Austrian composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, whom Beethoven
met briefly in Vienna in 1787. In 1792, Beethoven made another
journey to Vienna to study with Austrian composer Joseph Haydn, and he
stayed there for the rest of his life.

Beethoven’s music is generally divided into three main creative
periods. The first period extends to the year of about 1802, when
Beethoven made a reference to a “new manner” in connection with his
art. The second, or middle, period extends to about 1812, after the
completion of his Seventh and Eighth Symphonies. The third period
emerged quite gradually. Beethoven composed it’s most pivotal piece
of music called the Hammerklavier Sonata. Beethoven then composed his
last five quartets, written between 1824 and 1826, and can be regarded
as marking...

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