Behavior Change Theories and Planning Models
The combination of behavior change theories and planning models are key in developing an intervention plan for several health care associated problems. Through these theories and models, health education specialists can research and find root causes to problems, factors that surrounded the health problem, point of risk factors, and develop a plan of action. These models not only educate the individuals struggling with health issues, but provide very important data that can later be used for further research.
Behavior Change Theories
According to the text, theories are “a set of interrelated concepts, definitions, and propositions that presents a systematic view of events or situations by specifying relations among variables in order to explain and predict the events of situations” (p.100). In short, theories help explain why things are in a less complex way for everyone to understand. Models are often thought to be one and the same as a theory; however, models can be further defined as “a composite, a mixture of ideas or concepts taken from any number of theories and used together” (p.101). The main difference between theories and models are that models combine theories and ideas to further explain these concepts and ideas.
It is especially important to use theories in health education because they “help health education specialists with planning, implementing, and evaluating programs” (p.101). Through these theories, health education specialists can show why individuals are behaving in an unhealthy manner, compile information needed to develop an intervention plan, develop a plan according to the type of individual and their desired outcome, and develop a plan on how to evaluate the impact of the intervention.
In order to choose what type of intervention would benefit the individual, health education specialists will use the socio-ecological approach. By studying an individual’s environment (physical, social, political, economic, and cultural dimensions), health education specialists can see how they correlate to that individuals behavior and the issue for which they are being intervened. Over eating is a perfect example of a condition that would call for intervention. At the intrapersonal level, specialists look at the individuals and the individual’s characteristics and what their beliefs are. For an individual with an eating disorder, they may have the knowledge of the consequences of overeating, but they believe that they will not fall victim to them. A theory that falls under the intrapersonal level is the Health Belief Model. This model shows several different factors that lead to this individual’s condition and its likelihood.
At the interpersonal level, we look at the individual’s influences such as their families and friends. This individual may have been brought up in an environment where their parents rewarded good behavior or accomplishments with food. Likewise, they may...