This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Behavior Modification Essay

1104 words - 4 pages

Behavior Modification

In the book A Clockwork Orange by Anthony Burgess the main character, Alex, is exposed to an experimental technique known as "Ludovico's Technique" which causes him to feel pain whenever he is exposed to sex, violence, or certain types of music. This Ludovico's Technique is a form of behavior modification, most likely inspired by B.F. Skinner.
Burrhus Frederic Skinner was a widely known, and criticized, psychologist/behaviorist who founded the operant science of behaviorism around 1938. He is most famous for "Skinner's box", where a rat would be placed in a box and conditioned to press a lever in order to receive food. What Skinner is most widely criticized for is his disbelief in the higher mental activities, such as thinking, and his own belief in the feeling of freedom is more important than actual freedom, which he also believed to be an illusion (B.F. Skinner, pg. 107). Some of Skinner's accomplishments include: project pigeon (1940), the baby tender ( 1944), a work of fiction titled Walden Two ( 1948), and his most widely criticized book titled Beyond Freedom and Dignity (1971).

To roughly explain Skinner's connection with Alex's modification I will briefly go over his past achievements. Project Pigeon was an idea conceived by Skinner to use pigeons as missile guidance systems during WWII (B.F. Skinner, pg. 122). The project never left the experimental stage, due to Washington's opinion that it was a "backwater project" compared to gyroscope guidance, but it confirms Skinner's confidence in behaviorism. The "baby tender" was conceived shortly after his wife became pregnant with their second child.

There he built a thermostatically controlled, enclosed crib with a safety glass front and a stretched canvas floor. This would be Deborah's home within a home for the first two and a half years of her life-although at no time was the tender her exclusive environment, as has been written (B.F. Skinner, pg. 129).
Although this enclosed environment was never meant to condition his child, it has been used by his critics to dehumanize him. Walden Two was a work of fiction, which exposed many of Skinner' s beliefs about society. The main character, Frazier, set up a community in which he used operant conditioning, the positive reinforcement side of it, to create an almost utopian community (B.F. Skinner, pg. 148). Skinner's most criticized book, Beyond Freedom and Dignity, suggested that "the survival of the human species and hence the future of humankind could be best engineered by a science of behavior that decried the concept of individual freedom as the solution to the great problems of the day" (B.F. Skinner, pg. 193). Skinner concluded this controversial book with the line "We have not yet seen what man can make of man" (B.F. Skinner, pg. 195). Such experiments must have influenced Burgess when he was writing about Alex.
The two types of behavior conditioning are respondent, or classical, conditioning,...

Find Another Essay On Behavior Modification

Behavior Modification Essay

1313 words - 5 pages “We are addicted to our thoughts. We cannot change anything if we cannot change our thinking.” ― Santosh Kalwar, Quote Me Everyday. I recently found this quote online and thought it was a fitting example of my addictive behavior modification experience in CSL 466. Initially, I thought addiction is that can be changed over time with willpower, determination and help from others. However, what I’ve learned through my experience in CSL 466, is

Personal Behavior Modification Essay

1381 words - 6 pages not really drink much water I would say I barely drink two cups a day, but I know the how good water is for my body. So I am modifying my behavior by adding more water to my diet. Target Goal-      I have being drinking a lot of sodas and sport drinks, and maybe barely two cups a day of water. I guess I am one of those people who care more about the taste then its contents but I have to change to have a longer lasting health. I know the

Behavior Modification (smoking Cessation)

1812 words - 7 pages from gimmicks to formal programs and clinics. The report is focused on the effort to define what strategy, method or program is the most effective in producing long-term and positive changes in smoking behavior. The first part of the report deals with the problem the reviewer has to face of sorting through outcome research that is permeated by many methodological deficiencies. The most pervasive problem in the evaluation of the outcome data

Behavior Modification Methods in School

2658 words - 11 pages rewards. In order for a reward structure to be effective, the rewards must be presented to the student quickly after the desired behavior has occurred. What makes this type of reward structure particular to cooperative learning styles is that rewards are given based on how well a group has learned something as a whole. Each person in the group gets rewarded if and only if each individual person has learned the material sufficiently. A second facet

Behavior Modification Plan

962 words - 4 pages My client is a politician running for local office with one major disadvantage. He has an acute fear of public speaking. If speaking to more than a couple people at one time he will freeze up and his fight or flight response will kick in. This behavior is consistent each time he attempts to speak in front of a large group of people. The fear became apparent in high school during a student government debate. The fear was initially only

Health Behavior Modification

967 words - 4 pages The behavior change I pursued included running 3 miles a day for three days of the week. In this analysis I explore how my perceptions fit within the Theory of Planned Behavior, overview specific methods of change, evaluate pitfalls, social support, and identify potential areas of improvement. I chose the health behavior of running 3 miles three times per week because I wanted to decrease my risk for developing cardiovascular disease and high

Behavior Modification and it Application to a Variety of Behaviors Within in an Educational Setting

1523 words - 6 pages Behavior Modification and it Application to a Variety of Behaviors Within in an Educational Setting Abstract Behavior modification is based on the concepts of observable antecedents, observable behavior, and consequences. A behavior modification program consists of a series of stages to achieve a desired modification of a target behavior. A token economy based behavior modification program that was applied for a

Behavior Modification- Getting Some Shut Eye

2464 words - 10 pages healthy level each night. Major changes in habits are extremely hard to break, especially for me. I have tried working on this behavior for the last few months. I usually end of making up reasons to stay awake at night, whether for friends, fun, or entertainment: I always have an excuse. This desire or feeling that staying awake has become natural to my body. I will have to start planning and going through my sleep routine earlier in the

The Key Value of Auditing

678 words - 3 pages authenticity of the modification of the going concern concept. When the auditor evaluates the going concern, the auditors need to overview the various litigation risks, dismissal risk. Accounting standards help in consistent application of accounting system and developing a consistent audit behavior. The various prior audit opinions need to be analyzed and the upcoming implications in regard to consistency of reporting behavior of auditor in

Body Modification and Self-Worth

1450 words - 6 pages The research compiled within these five articles, pertaining to body modification and self worth, concluded that the correlation is both valid and apparent in teens, young adults and adults. Currently, societal norms are switching what is deemed to be appropriate. Sociologist have taken an particular interest in this new phenomenon, because we are currently stuck in a split society; while many agree with the new wave of body modification, and

Application Paper 1

1723 words - 7 pages investigates the correlation between tattoos and deviant behavior. In addition, the researches ultimately want to discover if the relationship between tattoos and crime may in fact be casual, or are just another symptom of developmental risk factors and personality traits (Jennings, Hahn, Farrington 79). Myers article is about body modification such as tattoos, piercings, branding, burning, and cutting. Myers discovers and examines the rationales and

Similar Essays

Behavior Modification Essay

614 words - 3 pages Adult behavior modification is the method of changing the way an adult reacts either physically or mentally to a given stimulus. Thisprocess can be applied to anything fromstopping a drug addiction to making your bedeach morning. Behavior modification is areatment method, and it is based on the valuesof operant conditioning. The undesirablebehaviors are exchanged with more suitableones through various techniques and methods.B.F. Skinner, the

Behavior Modification Essay

2085 words - 8 pages . Once recognized these antecedents and consequences can be manipulated to influence the target behavior (Ebanks & Fisher, 2003). These behavior assessments work as the foundation for behavior modification therapy.      Antecedents consist of any events that occur immediately before the target behavior manifests. By manipulating the antecedent it is possible to cause the target behavior to become extinct. Similarly the

Behavior Modification Essay

2314 words - 9 pages Behavior modification is happening more frequently than not in today’s society. It enforces and recognizes good behavior in many different circumstances, whether it is used on prison inmates which good behavior is rewarded with incentives, giving your animal a treat for doing a trick or if it is a golden star for a child’s good work done. The famous works of B.F Skinner is heavily involved with behavior modification and the idea that you can

Behavior Modification Essay

754 words - 4 pages unwanted behaviors through conditioning, (Whitbourne, 2012). Operational conditioning underlines how a behavior is strengthened or weakened by the use of rewards or punishments; shaping, modeling, and extinction are some of the techniques utilized to achieve these behavioral alterations, (Cherry, n.d.). Key points to consider for effective behavior modification are: clear identification of behavior to change, the use self-control, and punishments or