Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Seth Carey, Nikki Sasse, Megan Yuchnitz
Behavioral and Pharmacological treatment of children with ADHD
Every morning before the child leaves for school the parents must make so many decisions, what clothes should my child wear, what should I pack for lunch, and will my child be safe at school? What if each morning the parents woke up and had to decide if their child had taken all the proper medications for the day? Is it possible that children are being over medicated in the school system so much so that discipline and behavior are becoming less of an issue? More specifically, kids are being diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) now more than ever before (___________). With this diagnosis, it must raise the question, what are the risks and benefits associated with behavioral and pharmacological therapy when treating children with ADHD?
This is such an important question for researches to ask because if there are more effective ways to treat children with ADHD besides medication alone, then why are doctors prescribing more medications on a daily basis? The purpose of this literature review is to examine the current literature on the risks and benefits of both behavioral and pharmacological therapy when treating children with ADHD. This question is at the forefront of the argument with parents and doctors who continue to try out different medications on their children. Parents want to know what is the most effective way to treat their child with ADHD. “ADHD in the U.S. estimated the annual cost of ADHD to be between $12,005 and $17, 458 for each diagnosed child, with an average yearly cost of $42.5 billion dollars to society as a whole” (Kovshoff) There is so much research on this topic, but much of it is not taken into consideration in the clinic type setting.
ADHD is a defined as problem of not being able to focus, being overactive, not being able control behavior, or a combination of these (___________). These articles focus on a wide range of topics such as the adverse effects of ADHD medication, the effects of play therapy, ________________, and _________________. These articles we found using CINAHL with full text and ____________ from the Lipscomb University Beaman library. We specifically searched for keywords such as “pediatric”, “ADHD”, “Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder” “pharmacological” and “behavioral.” When using these search engines we had to be careful not to look into other literature reviews, but find original research that discussed the topic. There were so many different articles out there, but many discussed opinion alone rather than facts. Once we were able to rule out fact over opinion we could really delve into research on treatment of ADHD from the behavioral perspective and from the pharmacological perspective. The following seven research topics attempt to demonstrate the risks and benefits of both...