This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Behavioral And Psychodynamic Psychology In The Treatment Of Addictions

1320 words - 6 pages

Assignment One - Introduction to Psychology

With 2,405,518,376 (World Statistics, 2014) users around the world there is no doubt that some users are bound to develop addiction. “Internet addiction is when a person has a compulsive need to spend a great deal of time on the Internet, to the point where other areas of life (such as relationships, work or health) are allowed to suffer.” (Better Health Channel, 2011). With this scientists around the world are fighting to beat these additions. Two theoretical perspectives that play heavily into the treatment process are Behavioural and Psychodynamic psychology. “Behavioural psychology is a branch of psychology that focuses on observable behaviours. Conditioning, reinforcement and punishment are key concepts used by behaviourists. Learn more about classical conditioning and operant conditioning as well as some of the major behaviourist thinkers,” (About, 2014). Where as, “The basis of the psychodynamic perspective is to understand what is going on in the mind of an individual or "to get in the head" of a patient to see what is going on in the unconscious part of the mind. This will provide insight into how the patient views his relationships, experiences, and the world and how that affects his preferences, behaviours, and drives, and therefore personality,” (Your Dictionary, 2014).

A well known theoretical perspective of psychology, Behaviorism was developed into it modern state with the extensive research conducted by John Watson. Watson’s exploration lead to the notion that behaviours can be “measured, trained and changed”(Cherry, 2014)

"Give me a dozen healthy infants, well-formed, and my own specified
world to bring them up in and I'll guarantee to take any one at random
and train him to become any type of specialist I might select -- doctor, lawyer, artist, merchant-chief and, yes, even beggar-man and thief, regardless of his talents, penchants, tendencies, abilities, vocations,
and race of his ancestors." (Watson, 1930)

The focal point of behaviorism lies in conditioning, being that all behaviours can be assimilated through conditioning. Watson believed that conditioning is the collaboration of the mind and its interaction with the environment. To develop behaviours we must undertake either Classical Conditioning or Operant Conditioning.

Classical Conditioning: Classical conditioning is a technique used in behavioral training in which a naturally occurring stimulus is paired with a response. Next, a previously neutral stimulus is paired with the naturally occurring stimulus. Eventually, the previously neutral stimulus comes to evoke the response without the presence of the naturally occurring stimulus. The two elements are then known as the conditioned stimulus and the conditioned response. (Cherry, 2014)

Operant Conditioning: (sometimes referred to as instrumental conditioning) is a method of learning that occurs through rewards and punishments for behavior. Through operant...

Find Another Essay On Behavioral and Psychodynamic Psychology in the Treatment of Addictions

Behavioral and Pharmacological Treatment of Children with ADHD

3611 words - 15 pages opinion alone rather than facts. Once we were able to rule out fact over opinion we could really delve into research on treatment of ADHD from the behavioral perspective and from the pharmacological perspective. The following seven research topics attempt to demonstrate the risks and benefits of both pharmacological and behavioral therapy in ADHD in hopes to explore which method is both safe and effective. The first research article that we looked

Exploring the Impacts of Ageism in the Mental Health and Addictions Sector

1652 words - 7 pages they have experienced some form of ageist behaviour, (Allen, Cherry & Palmore, 2009), and for older adults living with addiction or mental health issues, this experience of stigma is compounded. Considering the increasing number of older adults in need of services, ageism is a particularly pertinent issue in the addictions and mental health sector. Ageist attitudes are prevalent among service providers and can shape the development and

DISCIPLINING ADDICTIONS: THE BIO-POLITICS OF METHADONE AND HEROIN IN THE UNITED STATES Journal Review

1378 words - 6 pages Running head: Heroin or Methadone Which Harms More? 1 " " " " " " " " " Heroin or Methadone Which Harms More? Journal Review Andrew Gomez Concordia University- Portland " " " " " " " " " Heroin or Methadone, Which Harms More? 2 Philippe Bourgois conducted a study regarding heroin addicts and the method of treatment issued in the United States. The purpose was to expose the failing form of treatment by using interviews with a few individuals

Behavioral Psychology: Behaviorism and Learning

862 words - 4 pages Behaviorism and Learning is under Behavioral Psychology. It is basically about how our behavior results from the stimuli in the environment and within ourselves. Behaviorism is based on the belief that behaviors can be measured, trained, and changed. Learning is the lasting change in behavior that is the result of experience. As we learn, we modify our environment, the way we interpret the incoming stimuli, and therefore we interface

Define and explain Declarative, Psychodynamic, and Cognitive psychology

1611 words - 6 pages ). Main scientists in this area were Anna and Sigmund Freud.Sigmund Freud?s Psychodynamic theory is as follows. Freud's theory is split into two parts, the theory of the mind and the instincts. The theory of the mind consists of the conscious and the unconscious. The instincts are the life instinct and the death instinct.In the unconscious is the ID where the instincts reside and it is concerned with self-gratification i.e. operating on the

The Truman Show and Behavioral Psychology: Why a Utopian World is Unattainable

2027 words - 8 pages , Christof and the radical behaviorists were wrong to think they could completely control human behavior via manipulation of their environment. By believing in the dream of seeing Lauren, and all the rest that the world has to offer more strongly than any environmental conditioning Christof imposes on him, Truman overcomes his deep-seated fear of the ocean, and takes to the sea in a small boat called the Santa Maria. Given the (behavioral) choice

Comparing and Contrasting the Psychodynamic Perspective and the Behaviourist Perspective in Accordance to Internet Addiction

1537 words - 7 pages generalise to a population. In contrast to the psychodynamic perspective, the behaviourist perspective has also proven to be substantially significant in interpreting and understanding modern day psychology. The behaviourist perspective of psychology hones in on the relationship between behaviour and external stimuli. Burton et al. (2012, p. 13) explained that behaviourism focuses on the way in which “objects or events in the environment come to

A Review of: “The Use of Prayer and Scripture in Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy”

991 words - 4 pages A Review of: “The Use of Prayer and Scripture in Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy” Summary In Tan’s article, “The Use of Prayer and Scripture in Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy” published by the Journal of Psychology and Theology in 2007, he discusses integrating prayer and scripture with Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. Tan uses examples of integration from real-life counseling sessions that he has been involved in, as a counselor. Tan’s article

Using Music Therapy in the Treatment of Stress and Anxiety

2260 words - 9 pages desired. Using Music Therapy in place of the more aggressive treatments for treating stress and anxiety may very well be an excellent option for those seeking a natural and gentle treatment. References Anderson, C. A., Carnagey, N. L., & Eubanks, J. (2003). Exposure to violent media: the effects of songs with violent lyrics on aggressive thoughts and feelings. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84, 4, 960–971

Fetal Neural Transplantation in the Treatment of Parkinson's and Huntington

1522 words - 6 pages Two Diseases, One Hope: Fetal Neural Transplantation in the Treatment of Parkinson's and Huntington's Disease Parkinson's Disease (PD) and Huntington's Disease (HD) are neurodegenerative diseases that are caused by malfunctions within the motor sector of the nervous system. These malfunctions, which are caused either by the surplus (as in HD) or absence (as in PD) of hormones, are a direct result of neural cell deterioration within the

Cognitive Behavioral Treatment for Alcoholism in African Americans

1476 words - 6 pages past month, compared to the average of 55.2% nationally. 21.7% of African Americans admitted to binge alcohol use in the last month, compared to 24.5% (“Behavioral Health and Black/African Americans,” 2010). On the other hand, the rate of illicit drug use in the last month is higher than the national average (9.5% compared to 7.9%). One possible reason for higher illicit drug use rates among African American adults is availability. In poverty

Similar Essays

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy In The Treatment Of Depression

2447 words - 10 pages Cognitive Behavioral Therapy in the Treatment of Depression Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is a method of correcting invalid thought patterns to a more positive view of the person and their place in their world. Some people do not believe that Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is a real treatment for depression, claiming it is a form of positive thinking ("The Daily Mail," 2009). On the opposite end of the spectrum, others argue that Cognitive

Cognitive Behavioral Theory And Psychodynamic Theory

1948 words - 8 pages the uniqueness of each individual’s thoughts, feeling and behaviours and work out an intervention that is best suited to the clients needs (Payne, 2005). The key principles of psychodynamic theory are that this theory has three parts; the theory of human development, personality and abnormal psychology and treatment. This theory also has another key principle that the actions and behaviour arise from individuals thought processes rather than

The Biological And Psychodynamic Models Of Abnormality

595 words - 2 pages Though at one point in time clinical scientists believed in only one model of abnormality, we now have six very different models. The original model of abnormality was, unfortunately, the product of cultural beliefs. But because no one model can be deemed complete on its own, competing models have since developed to strive for the comprehensive means for treatment. For example, the biological model and the psychodynamic model take very different

Comparing Psychodynamic Psychotherapy And Person Centered Psychology

1612 words - 6 pages Comparing Psychodynamic Psychotherapy and Person-Centered Psychology The counseling profession has a broad spectrum of possibilities when it comes to choosing which psychological approach to take. The field of counseling takes many forms and offers many career options, from school counseling to marriage and family therapy. As there are numerous styles in existence, it is important to be aware of the many approaches available to take. For my