Behavioral And Social Learning Approaches Essay

1194 words - 5 pages

Behavioral and Social Learning Approaches… PAGE \* MERGEFORMAT 1
Behavioral and Social Learning Approaches Personality AssessmentEn un intento por entender por qué las personas actúan y se comportan como lo hacen los psicólogos han propuesto varias teorías para explicar la personalidad. Algunos de los expertos en conducta más famosos incluyen el psicólogo norteamericano BF Skinner y el psicólogo ruso Ivan Pavlov, conocido por sus experimentos de reflejo condicionado. Mientras que dichos psicólogos se enfocaron en los reflejos condicionados y otros rasgos del comportamiento, la teoría del aprendizaje social se ve en el comportamiento que es controlada por influencias ambientales, más que puramente fuerzas innatas y reflejos condicionados. A continuación el ensayo expuesto resumirá las diferencias fundamentales entre el enfoque de comportamiento l de la personalidad y el enfoque de aprendizaje social a la personalidad. En este trabajo también se analizara un comportamiento propio.El enfoque de la teoría del comportamiento de la personalidad la describe como observable. Quiere decir, que podemos ver el comportamiento de las personas, responder, y vivir sus vidas y hacer un juicio acerca de ellos sobre la base de esas acciones de conductas. Muchos especialistas de conducta creen que la psicología sólo debe ocuparse de estos asuntos como datos objetivos y observables del cual podemos extraer conclusiones correctas. Los expertos de la conducta también creen que el comportamiento y el aprendizaje pueden estar vinculados a una respuesta a ciertos estímulos, es decir las personas y los animales actúan como lo hacen y pueden ser condicionados a responder de una manera determinada a causa de los estímulos. A diferencia del enfoque de aprendizaje social a la personalidad, este define la personalidad como algo más que factores observables. El aprendizaje social añade un aspecto cognoscitivo de la observación y dice que, si bien el comportamiento de los procesos es importante el pensamiento y las actividades no observables también deben ser investigados.Los expertos de la conducta observan las causas de la conducta en términos de condicionamiento."Según los expertos de la conducta, si hemos de comprender los procesos que dan forma a nuestra personalidad, así como desarrollar procedimientos para cambiar las conductas problemáticas, debemos examinar las condiciones de principios básicos" (Burger, 2008). Estudiar el enfoque del comportamiento nos ayuda a entender que las suposiciones o principios que prevalecen son dos. La primera es que observar el comportamiento nos ayuda a entender la comprensión de individuos y la segunda es que la observación de las respuestas de un individuo a estímulos suele ir acompañado de una...

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