Throughout the years of U.S. military involvement in Afghanistan and Iraq, we have seen the media coverage of newly deployed soldiers and returning the faces of children and spouses left at home heartbreaking meeting and happy when returning soldiers. Many military parents have experienced multiple deployments and expanded over the last decade, but only recently has attention turned to the effects on children whose parents are deployed. Recent studies indicate that children of military families with a deployed parent is under stress, causing an increase in visits to pediatric care for anxiety, behavioral disorders and other mental health problems (Chandra, Lara-Cinisomo, Jaycox, et al, 2010;. Chandra, Martin Hawkins, and Richardson, 2010; Chartrand, Frank, white, and Shope, 2008, Flake, Davis, Johnson & Middleton, 2009; Gorman, Eide, and Hist-Gorman, 2010 ).
Behavioral health problems of children of military families can be caused by stress to bring a parent. Main stress factors are the absence of the parents' / separation, long-distance parent is used by the mother or the father, the challenges to parents at home to support their families, adjusted when the parent returns to the introduction, without having worry about the use of the parent of safety and fear of death (often exacerbated by exposure to media), and changes in the position of the child in particular, older children can take some of the duties of care for younger siblings.
Research shows that families experience stress increases when a parent is activated, and the children experience a higher psycho-social behavioral manifestations of the parents is used than the normal population, says study author Eric M. Flake, MD, specializing in the U.S. Air Force Medical Corps and chief of behavioral pediatrics at developing Keesler Air Force Base hospital in Biloxi, Mississippi
Molinder M. Chartrand, MD, a lieutenant colonel in the Air Force medical and developmental pediatrician at Spangdahlem Air Base in Germany, and colleagues found that children aged 3 to 5 with a deployed parent had higher levels of behavioral problems reported by parents at home and day care providers compared to children without a parent deployed.
Implementation constraints affect families in different ways. "A deployment that occurs in a family that is strong and well prepared, although it is rarely easy, can be a growth experience for all members of the family. However, if a dysfunctional family before deployment, for some reason The deployment ... in fact it may be the straw that broke the camel's back so to speak, "said Chartrand.
Major Gregory H. Gorman, MD, MHS, Department of Pediatrics at the University Uniform Health Sciences in Bethesda, MD, and Elizabeth Gorman-Hist, MSW, PhD, a social worker involved in the issues of deployment of child soldiers, a recently co-authored a study of pediatric behavioral and psychiatric symptoms in the military deployment in war. Their study showed that outpatient...