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Beliefs Of Luther, Zwingli, The Anabaptists And The Roman Catholics

1469 words - 6 pages

Luther, Zwingli, the Anabaptists and the Roman Catholics all had their conflicting views. There some similarities, but mostly these four groups disagreed upon many subjects. Some of which were the topics of, communion, baptism, the relationship between church and state and lastly the form of worship.
On the issue of communion, Luther, Zwingli and the Roman Catholics greatly differed on their views. The Roman Catholics had the most extreme view, then the Lutherans and then the followers of Zwingli. The Roman Catholics believed that when taking communion, there was an actual conversion of the bread and wine into Christ’s body and blood. This was known as transubstantiation. Since the blood and wine turned into Christ’s body and blood this meant that Christ was being sacrificed over and over again. Luther and Zwingli strongly disagree with transubstantiation and continual sacrifice, yet they still differ in much smaller areas. Luther believed that even though the bread and the blood did not turn into Christ’s physical body; Christ’s body was mystically in the bread and the wine. During many debates against Zwingli, Luther would back up this point with a verse from Matthew 26:26 which says, "While they were eating, Jesus took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it and gave it to his disciples, saying, "Take and eat; this is my body."" So, even though Luther did not believe in the practice of transubstantiation, he still believed that Christ's body (in some mystical way) was in the bread and the wine. Zwingli, one of Luther’s rivals, believed that the bread neither transformed nor had Christ's mystical being in it, but instead, communion was just a reminder and representation of Christ’s sacrifice. This is shown by looking at 1 Corinthians 11:24 which says, “…and when he had given thanks, he broke it and said, “This is my body, which is for you; do this in remembrance of me.” This meant that when Christ said, “do this in remembrance of me” he meant for communion to be a reminder. At least, according to Zwingli. Lastly, John Wycliffe also argued against transubstantiation. However, John Wycliffe’s reasons for arguing against transubstantiation had no biblical proof or evidence. John Wycliffe’s reasons against transubstantiation were that because the bread and the wine were turning into Christ’s body and blood, that if the bread molds, it is as if Christ’s body is molding. However, it was heresy to say that Christ’s body could decay, thus showing John Wycliffe’s view of communion. First off, the idea of transubstantiation is already proven wrong in the Bible. In Hebrews 10:10 it says, “By which will we are sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all.” This means that we were saved by Jesus sacrificing his body once and for all. If you believe that transubstantiation is real, then that means that Jesus is being sacrificed over and over again, which is directly against the word of God. As for Zwingli and Luther...

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