Stomach And Bladder Cancer Essay

1790 words - 7 pages

When a person hears the word, cancer, a sickening feeling comes over them. Cancer is the second cause of death in the United States. I’m sure everyone has known someone who has had cancer before, or may have even experienced it themselves. This illness has taken many lives but there has been an abundance amount of people that have survived and currently living cancer free lives. As of 2010, there has been approximately 13,028,000 cases of cancer of all types. This number includes the 6,079,000 cases of males and 6,949,000 cases found in females . This number is called cancer prevalence. Cancer prevalence is the number of living people diagnosed with cancer; past and present. Two cancers have caught my attention. Those are Urinary Bladder Cancer and Stomach Cancer. The cancer prevalence for urinary bladder cancer is 564,000 cases, 420,000 in males and 144,000 cases in females. Stomach cancer has had 72,000 cases, 41,000 in males and 31,000 cases in females.
According to Medical News Today, Bladder cancer, or cancer of the bladder, is cancer that forms in the tissues of the bladder. The bladder is an organ that stores urine. The majority of bladder cancers are transitional cell carcinomas - the cancer starts in cells of the inner-lining of the bladder. Cancer that starts in thin, flat cells of the bladder are also possible; this type is called squamous cell carcinoma. Adenocarcinoma is also possible - this type of cancer begins in the cells that make and release mucus and other fluids . There are four procedures used to figure out how the cancer has spread through the system when discovering a patient has bladder cancer. Those procedures are a CT scan (CAT scan), MRI, Chest x-ray, or a bone scan. A CT scan (CAT scan) takes pictures of the chest, abdomen, and the pelvis to assess bladder cancer. Pictures of the liver, pancreas, or other parts of the body are used to assess stomach cancer. Die can be injected directly into the vein or swallowed to make the organs or tissue show up more clearly. The full name of this procedure can be referred to by three different names. The abbreviations for this procedure means computed tomography, computerized tomography, or computerized axial tomography. An MRI is the abbreviation for magnetic resonance imaging but it is also called nuclear magnetic resonance imaging (NMRI). This procedure makes detailed images of inside the body using a magnet, radio waves, and a computer. A chest x-ray makes a picture of the organs and bones in the chest. To assess stomach cancer this procedure is done to identify if the cancer has spread to the lungs. A bone scan is used to check and see if there are rapidly dividing cells in the bone. The ways the cancer can spread are through tissue, blood, or the lymph system. According to Medicine Net, there are two other procedures that are used to assess stomach cancer. To assess stomach cancer an endoscopic ultrasound and/or laparoscopy are used. An endoscopic ultrasound is a thin...

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