The first successful cloning of a mammal, the sheep named Dolly, was arguably one of the most celebrated scientific achievements of the past decade. The cloning of Dolly brought to the forefront a longstanding debate about cloning human beings. The possibility of cloning a human being will have great significance especially in the healthcare industry since previously unachievable operations could now be feasible especially with the prospect of a new way of creating stem cells which possess the ability to treat heart diseases, cancer, and other daunting diseases.
Despite this promising future that cloning purports to forecast for the human race, the research projects have been met with fierce opposition from lawmakers to clergy men. Most of the opposition is on ethical grounds and while McLaren retorts that there is nothing unethical about using technology to save lives, opposition groups are far from being appeased. Considering the fact that most of the controversy about cloning arises from misinformation or ignorance about the matter, this paper shall set out to conclusively research on cloning, its merits and demerits so as to attest if the explicit ban of human cloning is justifiable.
What is cloning?
Cloning is described as the creation of genetically identical organisms by use of asexual artificial means. Cohen relates that cloning was practiced since the 1960s on plants example carrots.
Merits of Cloning
Cloning, if wholly embraced proposes to bring radical changes in many spheres of life. Majority of the people have begun viewing cloning as one of the feasible ways of creating means of feeding a world whose population is constantly on the rise. Pinon hugely favors the cloning of animals for mass production as he sees this as a way in which animals with a high quality uniform production can be maintained.
Organ transplants are one of the major arenas where the health industry has concentrated efforts in a bid to save more lives. Previously terminal conditions such as kidneys failure and hearth diseases are no longer final a patients can have new organs to replace their faulty organs thus giving them a clean bill of health.
More than 100,000 individuals are on the waiting list to receive a lifesaving transplant. Sadly majority of them will end up not receiving the much needed organs. This has led to the resulting in the use of the black market to obtain organs which seem to take too long to come across in the legal channels. Cloning of individual human organs e.g. the kidney, heart, etc. presents a novel way of coming up with organs for transplant as patients will no longer have to rely on the altruist tendencies of fellow men. In addition, this cloning will ensure that organ rejection is a thing of the past.
Clemmons sees therapeutic cloning as the only long term solution to organ donor problems. From a medical point of view, cloning also presents a new way in which research into diseases can be undertaken....