Benefits And Inherent Risks Of The Nuclear Industry

1000 words - 4 pages

In the nuclear industry there are many benefits and risks. Nuclear energy, medicine, and the food industry show this. I feel that benefits outweigh the inherent risks. I think this because there in nuclear energy there are benefits, like how it is the world’s largest source of emission-free energy. In medicine there are many radioisotopes used to benefit humans through treatment. Radioisotopes are used to diagnosis and treat many forms of cancer and other diseases. In the food industry irradiation is used to make the food bacteria free and safer. There are many benefits and inherent risks in nuclear energy, and I feel that the benefits outweigh the inherent risks.
In nuclear energy there are many benefits. One benefit is that nuclear energy is the world’s largest source of emission-free energy. This is because of the U.S. Clean Air Act of 1970 regulates limits on the emission of certain pollutants. 20% of the nation’s electricity is, and will be, produced by non-emitting nuclear energy. Nuclear energy in place of other types of energy impacts the environment by keeping the air clean, preventing acid rain, preserving the Earth’s climate, and much more. Nuclear energy also has the lowest bad impact on the environment and is the most eco-efficient energy source because it produces the most electricity relative to its environmental impact. On the other hand, nuclear energy can have inherent risks. Nuclear energy has health effects of radiation containing subatomic particles traveling at the velocity of light. This radiation can penetrate deep inside the human body and can result in cancer or even genetic diseases. This radiation can be produced during routine plant operation, accidents in power plants or in transporting radioactive material. Radiation occurs naturally in the environment, this means most people are being struck with 15,000 particles of radiation every second from natural sources. This exposes the average American to 0.2% of exposure from natural radiation. I feel that in nuclear energy the benefits outweigh the inherent risks. I think this because nuclear energy is how most humans survive, and since such a small percent of people get effected by this, I feel that there is a greater benefit.
In medicine there are many benefits and inherent risks. One benefit is there are ways to see inside peoples bodies, like x-rays, and see both bone and soft tissue. Doctors can now make fast and accurate diagnosis of the patient’s illness. Also, many issues can be fixed by using radiation, like cancer. Nowadays, over 10,000 hospitals worldwide use radiation and radioisotopes in medicine. Technetium-99 and iondine-131 are just two isotopes used to diagnose different diseases. Technetium-99 is the most common radioisotope, accounting for 80% of all nuclear medicine procedures worldwide. Iodine-131 is used to diagnosis and treats thyroid disease. Radiotherapy is used to treat certain medical conditions, such as cancer. They use radiotherapy by...

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