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Benefits Of Human Cloning Essay

1494 words - 6 pages

Human cloning is rapidly become a controversial topic since the first cloned mammal—Dolly sheep was born in the late 1990s. It is a process of making a genetic copy of tissues, organs, or an entire person, which is produced by asexual reproduction. (Berg, 2012, and Aurelia, Mitrut, Iovanescu et al. 2011) There are two types of human cloning: therapeutic cloning and reproductive cloning. Therapeutic cloning is usually used in research area such as cloning cells to cure diseases, and reproductive cloning is usually used to create human clones. Although human cloning has not been created yet, according to Aurelia et al. (2011), 23 countries have made human cloning illegal since 2009. However, human cloning has several benefits particularly in medical research and treatment; for instance, it can help curing diabetes. Although human cloning can cure diseases and reproduce babies, the risks of human cloning still overweigh the benefits; therefore, it is necessary to have an international and national organisation to monitor the development of this technology.
Human cloning especially therapeutic cloning is the solution for health problems. It can be used to clone stem cells to cure diabetes patients, help discovering new medicines, and supply organs and tissues to transplant. Scientists use patient’s skin cells to produce new stem cells, and then replace the damaged cells to help curing diseases. However, the stem cell treatment is only suitable for a patient who is in the early stages of diabetes. According to Baker (2014), two research groups have successfully clone stem cells, yet scientists still need further research. Moreover, Berg (2012) notes that clone stem cells can help discovering some medicine to reduce the pain level of heart diseases, Parkinson’s disease, leukaemia and some other illness. In addition, human cloning can create some organs and tissues to help patients solve health problems. Organ transplantation is one of the significant medical treatment in modern medicine. Researchers in America estimate that in every five people have one person will receive organ transplant surgery when their age is reaching 65. (Koh and Atala, 2004) Using therapeutic cloning to create organ helps decreasing the wait time for a suitable organ and increasing the successful rate for the transplant surgery. Because cloning has the same gene with the patients, the possibility of rejection will less than using donor’s organ. (Fung, 2000) Therefore, human cloning is beneficial to human to cure diseases and offer organ transplants.
Human cloning is not only a solution to health problems, but also a solution to reproduce babies. In other words, human cloning is a solution to infertility and loss of a child. It is noticeable that the reproduce baby can be a genetically related newborn or a replacement of a child that has died. Having a genetically related child is a dream for infertile and homosexual couples. To achieve this dream, scientists will use...

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