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Benito Mussolini And Fascism Essay

1488 words - 6 pages

“Fascism is a religion. The twentieth century will be known in history as the century of fascism” (Fascist). Those are the words of Benito Mussolini, an Italian journalist who started a political party of his own. Born in 1883, Mussolini became involved in socialist politics in Switzerland when he moved there in 1902 (BBC). Although he was active with the socialist party, Mussolini started publishing editorials that supported World War I, which he was drafted in himself in 1915 (Mussolini). This led to his expulsion from the socialist party. Ready for a major change, Mussolini gathered many nationalistic groups in Italy together and formed a single organization under his leadership (Mussolini). Rising to power in the wake of the Great War, Benito Mussolini was a violent, military-minded dictator who saw to the emergence of the National Fascist Party in Italy.
Although he is known for his extreme fascist ideas, Mussolini did not begin his political career as a right-wing radical. Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini was born on July 29, 1883 in Predappio, a town in northern central Italy (BBC). Employment prospects in Italy were dreadful, so Mussolini moved to Switzerland in 1902 and became involved in socialist politics, just as his father was (BBC). Known for his exceptional eloquence and charisma, Mussolini quickly gained a reputation among the socialists in Switzerland through his strong journalism skills (Bio.com). However, he was not able to find a permanent job, was arrested by the Swiss authorities for vagrancy, and returned to Italy in 1904 due to expulsion from Switzerland (Benito). There he continued to develop his public-speaking skills and advocate for socialism (Mussolini). Mussolini was “forceful and authoritative,” and despite the inaccuracy of his facts, his speeches were captivating (Mussolini). With the attention of his fellow socialists, Benito furthered his journalism career by becoming editor of the Italian newspaper Avanti (meaning “Forward”) in 1912 and founding his own newspaper, Il Popolo d’Italia (meaning “The People of Italy”), in November of 1914 (Benito; Mussolini). Desiring to come into power in the aftermath of the war, Mussolini produced several articles supporting Italy’s entrance into World War I (Mussolini). This pro-war stance led to Benito’s expulsion from the socialist party in 1914, as well as his own enrollment in the Italian Army after the country joined the war in 1915 (Benito; Mussolini). In the wake of WWI, Italy was left in chaos and many Italians were looking for a way to strengthen their country (Mussolini). Small nationalist organizations formed in waves across the nation, and Mussolini assembled these groups into a single extremist organization known as the National Fascist Party (Mussolini).
Determined to “re-create the Roman Empire” and “rule Italy as a modern Caesar,” Benito Mussolini established the paramilitary Fasci di Combattimento, which transformed into what is known as the National Fascist...

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