Benjamin Franklin Essay

1328 words - 5 pages

Benjamin Franklin was born on Milk Street in Boston on January 17th, 1706. His father was Josiah Franklin, a candle and soap maker. His mother was Abiah Folger and she was Josiah's second wife. Benjamin Franklin was the youngest son of 17 children. Benjamin attended Boston Latin School for two years but did not graduate because of lack of money; however he continued his education by reading great quantities. His parents wanted him to go into the church, however at age 10 his schooling ended and he worked for his father until he was 12, when he became an apprentice printer for his brother James.

When Benjamin was 15 his brother created the "New England Courant" which was the first independent newspaper in the colonies. Benjamin was not allowed to write for the paper so he invented a pseudonym of Mrs. Silence Dogood, these letter were published and became a subject of conversation around town. When his older brother, James, discovered that these letter belonged to Benjamin he has not happy. Benjamin Franklin left his apprenticeship without permission and became a fugitive. At 17 Franklin ran away to Philadelphia seeking a new start, at his arrival he worked in a few print shops in town. He was the convinced to go to London by Sir William Keith who supposedly wanted to start a new newspaper, however this was untrue. Franklin worked in London as a compositor in a printers shop and then returned to Philadelphia in 1726 with the help of a merchant who gave Franklin a position as clerk, shopkeeper and bookkeeper in his merchant business.

In 1727 at the age of 21 Benjamin created the Junto, this was a group of aspiring artisan and tradesmen who wanted to improve themselves as they improved their community. The members of the Junto loved to read, but this was an expensive hobby, so they created a library and put all their own books together. Benjamin Franklin decided to create a subscription library and this idea gave birth to the Library Company, the charter for the Library Company was created in Philadelphia in 1731 by Franklin. In 1731 Franklin was initiated into the local Freemason lodge, he became a grand master in 1734, that same year he published the first Masonic book in the Americas and he remained a Freemason the rest of his life.

In 1733 Franklin began to publish the Poor Richard's Almanac under the pseudonym Richard Saunders. Although most people knew that he was the one that wrote it the Richard Saunders character repeatedly denied this. Some of his famous quotes from this publishing were "A penny saved is two pence dear" which translated means a penny saved is a penny earned. Also the quote "Fish and visitors stink in three days" remains a common quotation in the modern world. Benjamin Franklin sold about 10,000 copies a year of his almanac.

In 1764 Franklin was dispatched to England as an agent of the colony, he petitioned King George III to establish a British central control of Pennsylvania instead of having different...

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