Benjamin Franklin was born on January 17, 1706, in Boston in what was known as the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Benjamin was the 15th child and last son to his father Josiah Franklin. Josiah was a soap and candle maker, and had 17 children, 7 with his first wife, Anne Child, and 10 with his second wife Abiah Folger. By the time Benjamin was 10 years of age, he was removed from the Boston Latin School to work with his father at candle making.
Josiah Franklin apprenticed Ben at age 12 to his brother James at his print shop. Ben liked this job very much despite his brother's harsh treatment. James refused to publish any of his brother's writing, because of this Ben adopted the false name Mrs. Silence Dogood, and "her" 14 imaginative and witty letters were published in his brother's newspaper, The New England Courant, to the interest of the readership. James was horrified when he discovered that the letters were his brother's, Ben abandoned his apprenticeship soon afterward. Ben fled to New York, but ended up settling in Philadelphia, which was his home base for the rest of his life.
Benjamin Franklin went farther into his education in the printing trade in Philadelphia, staying at the home of John Read in 1723, where he met and dated Read’s daughter Deborah. The following year Benjamin left for London under the sponsorships of the Pennsylvania Governor William Keith, but felt cheated when letters of introduction never arrived and he was forced to find work at print shops there. Once Benjamin had a job in London he was able to take in all the city’s pleasures such as, going to the theater, going to coffee houses and he was able to continue his lifelong passion for reading. His first pamphlet “A Dissertation upon Liberty and Necessity, Pleasure and Pain.” was published during this time.
In 1726 Benjamin Franklin returned to Philadelphia only to discover Deborah Read had married. Bookkeeper, shopkeeper, and currency cutter were some of the jobs that Benjamin held in those next few years. During this time he also fathered a son, William, out of wedlock. In 1727, he formed a social and self-improvement study group for young men called “Junto”; he also was able to establish his own print shop with a partner early the next year.
When Benjamin published another pamphlet he was able to purchase The Pennsylvania Gazette newspaper from a former boss, Benjamin was also elected the official printer of Pennsylvania. In 1730 he took Deborah Read as his common-law wife, after her husband disappeared...