Bennett Hollar Man Essay

827 words - 4 pages

Cardiovascular and metabolic diseases are a growing problem around the world today. Not only do diseases such as diabetes and heart disease affect individuals and their lifestyles, they also affect the economy, politics, education and the professional work environment. 20-26% of individuals in the United States live with heart disease, and obesity and high blood pressure compose the greatest factors for developing this disease [20]. Studies have shown a direct correlation between the amount of sedentary time and cardiovascular and metabolic disease risk, regardless of baseline measurements [20]. Thus, increase in physical activity will decrease cardiometabolic risk factors [8]. Several ...view middle of the document...

Another factor increasing cardiometabolic disease risk is shorter sleep duration, which has been shown to have an adverse effect on cardiometabolic risk factors [19]. It has also been shown that short sleep duration is associated with increased risk of developing metabolic syndrome [7]. It is plausible to assume that when an individual is sleep deprived, they will not be as likely to take physical activity breaks during their sedentary time or get the recommended amount of physical activity.
Although research has found a correlation between breaks in sedentary time and cardiometabolic health, little research has been completed to investigate the various factors that may affect the quantity of breaks an individual takes during their sedentary time. Increased sedentary time has been shown to increase cardiometabolic disease risk [20]. Likewise, decreased quality or quantity of sleep has also been shown to increase the risk for cardiometabolic disease [17,18]. Few studies have researched the effect of the combination of both lifestyle factors. Many studies have reported an inverse relationship between sleep duration and cardiometabolic disease. The reason for this is unclear [19], and could potentially be the result of the connection between sedentary time and sleep duration.
The purpose of this study is to determine the relationship between sleep duration and the quantity of breaks in sedentary time. We hypothesize that individuals who sleep for the recommended amount of time each night, seven to nine hours [32], will be the individuals who also report the most breaks in sedentary time. Conversely, the participants who...

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