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Beowulf And Modern Humanity Essay

1371 words - 5 pages

In reading Beowulf, many perceive the values of the society described to be unethical and deviating from modern perceptions of morality. However, is modern humanity so different? While it is true that values change and evolve as time progresses, it seems ideologies are never truly extinct. Many of the same flaws exist in humanity today as they did centuries ago, and as they do in the fictional society of Beowulf. Humanity should apply itself and learn from the mistakes of its predecessors and from literature that aims to expose the vices of humanity. Several such morals are recognizable in the epic poem Beowulf. The aspects of greed and self-importance, a concrete belief in good versus evil, and the initiation and consequences of war are specific themes that pertain most explicitly to modern society.In the capitalist society of modern Canada, greed and self-importance are indirectly encouraged through self-interest as a fundamental value. Humanity’s aim in this society is to monetarily gain as much as possible for one’s own self and devise ways to profit the most from available assets. This materialistic attitude can also be witnessed in the society of Beowulf. The epic hero himself is led to his demise because of his unquenchable thirst for treasure and glory. When addressing his men, Beowulf states: “By deeds of daring I’ll gain the gold/Or death in battle shall break your lord” (1506-1507). By going into battle with the dragon, his deadliest and most ominous enemy, Beowulf considers the possibility of the encounter being fatal; yet he is willing to accept death as a reasonable consequence in his pursuit of gold and riches. Even in his last moments, Beowulf does not regret his decision to battle the dragon, nor is he mindful of the consequences. He does not wish for human company or the creation of a final testament; instead, with his last breaths, he asks to gaze upon the wealth he had acquired by slaying the dragon:Make haste that my eyes may behold the treasure,The gleaming jewels, the goodly store,And, glad of the gold, more peacefully leaveThe life and the realm I have ruled so long. (1663-1666)Not only Beowulf, but the rest of his society places a lot of importance on wealth. Wiglaf refers to Beowulf as “…the king/Who brought us treasure” (1775-1776). It seems the bringing of treasure was of Beowulf’s noblest deeds, as he is not recognized with the same vigour for slaying monsters or protecting his kinsman. This obsession with material gain can be seen throughout the history of the modern world. Wars, such as the Crusades, have been fought over the acquisition of wealth or land, and the issue of the expansion of economy continues to hold great concern for countries and their rulers. Learning from his desire for the hoarding of wealth and where it led him in the end, modern humanity should alter itself to be protected from succumbing to the same disease of insatiable greed as Beowulf.In...

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