The wondrous architect Zaha Hadid was born on October 31, 1950 in Baghdad, Iraq. Zaha went to Great Britain for higher education and studied under Elia Zenghelis and Rem Koolhaas. After her studies she started working with her previous instructors, Zenghelis and Koolhaas at the office for Metropolitan Architecture, becoming a partner in 1977. In 1980, Zaha Hadid established her own London-based practice and she gave her company the name “Zaha Hadid Architects”. Bergisel Ski Jump (2002) is designed by Zaha Hadid on a mountain named Bergisel that is located in Innsbruck, the capital of the federal state of Tyrol in western Austria. The project isn’t usual because it isn’t just a ski jump. It is a hybrid of a collection of public spaces including a dining area, a public viewing terrace, and a highly specialized sports facility. Commonly, a ski jump is a comparatively single-dimensional technological building, which serves a single purpose. But in Austria, the designers desired a new form to convey the blended use.
For winter sport competitions like Olympic ski jumping, Innsbruck has a long tradition as being the venue. The Mountain Bergisel, with its height and viewpoint of the town, was the locale of the great ski competitions throughout the Winter Olympics of 1964 and 1976. Innsbruck faced a problem in 1990 when its original 1960’s built facility no longer followed international regulations. For Innsbruck to remain at the top of the international competition venue, the site had to be reengineered as modern athletes were jumping much farther than they were in the 1960’s. Therefore it was decided by the event organizers to start the major makeover of the Olympic domain. Horst Passer was the engineer who first built the arena, and he had to give way to new construction. The company of the Architect Zaha Hadid won the international competition of the Bergisel Betriebsgesellschaft.
Jan Hubener, who was the project manager, told media that “earlier, there was an abstract design thought that developed comparatively independently from the contest regulations. It got up all the way through the design process that due to enough flexibility, there wasn’t any problem to install the whole program into this abstract thought” (Architectureweek.com). Christian Aste co-operated in the development of the structure and shape of the project. To organize the process of construction, the architects required to establish accurate logistics on the construction site, considering the unmanageable topographic conditions of the mountain and the high-altitude expert demands of the building, all coming together within a short building time table.
As three different kinds of constructions-underground, surface, and aerial-coexisted in one project, the design was really very complex. With respect to the structure this wondrous project comprises of the foundation dug into the Bergisel Mountain, a green metal bridge integrating the ramp and the dining...