The story of the book begins with Arjuna misunderstanding why it is correct
for him to take action in battle. As Prince Arjuna stands in his chariot on
the battlefield he recognize his enemies as, his cousins, teachers and
friends. Arjuna, who was born a warrior, overcomes with pity and looses
interest in battling with the enemy. He looks to Lord Krishna, and
questions him how he could battle with men who deserves his own worship.
Krishna replies "You grieve those beyond grief, and speak words of insight;
but learned men do not grieve for the dead or the living" (Miller p31).
Krishna explains to Arjuna that it is his sacred duty to fight, for the
warriors who fulfills their duty leads them to the gates of heaven. If
Arjuna gives up now, he will be full of shame, and a man who has given up
his duty, is worse then dying, for he will become vulnerable to evil (Miller
p34). Krishna main objective through out the story is, as long as you
follow the paths of discipline, knowledge, action and devotion, Arjuna has
nothing to loose in battle, for his soul will become eternal. Arjuna can't
be killed nor can he kill, because the soul can not die nor can it be
reborn, for his salvation will be responsible for his actions.
Krisna tells Arjuna to take refuge in his understanding for he is
disciplined warrior. But Arjuna is bewildered by the paths to salvation,
Krisna tells Arjuna to take action in battle, if Arjuna understands his
enemy why does he need to take action against him? Krishna explains to him
that everyone must take action through life, even to abstain from action one
must take action. Krishna tells Arjuna that he cannot succeed just from
renunciate acts will disappear through salvation. Krisna tells him that
actions are based on belief, which leads to spiritual knowledge, true
knowledge define the actions as sacrifice to the supreme being, and
knowledge defines this relationship between the soul and of the god.
The next path to salvation is that of discipline; one who does what is to
be done without any concern for no material outcome. A disciplined man is
one who is detached from objects and actions and is undisturbed, one who can
remain in seclusion. Tranquillity is the means for one who is mature in
discipline (Miller p. 64) A discipline man knows who he is, his body, his
mind and is responsible for his actions, and is able to stay in control. A
disciplined man is able to perform actions for the supreme being and is
capable of acknowledging their fruits,...