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Bias And False Memory Recall Essay

685 words - 3 pages

Memory refers to the facts, events or other kinds of information we have acquired in the past and the processes involved in the acquisition, retention and retrieval of the this information (Glisky, 2011). Our memory is critically important to us. We rely on its validity everyday to perform basic functions such as recalling our name, age and home address. Our memory also forms an integral part of our personality: our recollection of our life experiences. However, can our memory be trusted? This essay will endeavour to show that, while we may feel as though our memory is certain, it is easily tricked and its accuracy can not be relied upon. This will be achieved using an explanation of bias ...view middle of the document...

To select these pictures, eight younger and thirteen older adults, who did not participate in the final experiment, rated over a hundred different faces for both baby-facedness and attractiveness. The faces were shown in blocks of the same approximate age and gender and judged relative to faces of the same age and gender. Only faces that rated at the most extreme ends of the scale (extremely mature-faced, extremely baby-faced) were selected for the final experiment. Next, sixty-four unique sentences were constructed.

Forty-eight university students - 14 males, 34 females - between the ages of 18-22 participated in the next stage study.

The second study Who’s funny: Gender Stereotypes, Humour Production, and Memory Bias explored whether we tend to falsely remember humorous things things as belonging to men. In an earlier experiment, captions for different cartoons were rated on their ‘funniness’ by an independent group and the 50 most humorous (25 written by men, 25 by women) and the 50 least humorous (again 25 by men, 25 by women) were chosen for this second experiment. Seventy-two undergraduate students - 36 male, 36...

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