This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Bicultural Education Describe The Historical Development Of One Issue Of Concern To Maori And Critically Examine The Events, Attitudes And Beliefs That Relate To This Issue. Discuss The Significance For Bicultural Practice In Early Childhood Education.

2041 words - 8 pages

James Lochead-MacMillan ID 12413
Surveys held in the 1970's determined that the use of Maori as a spoken language was in severe decline and only begin sustained by an older generation according to Benton & Benton (1999, cited in New Zealand Tertiary College [NZTC], 2009). At this time some Maori were losing the knowledge of their culture they "no longer spoke the language and had little knowledge of Maori…culture" (Soutar, 2005, p.9). Soutar goes on to show a newer generation concerned with revitalising the Maori language and knowledge and raising their children with bicultural access.In the 1970's the education system was mono-cultural and "denied their (Maori peoples) rights to learn their own language" (Ka'ai, 2004a, p.184, cited in NZTC, 2009, p23) Baker, 2001(cited in NZTC, 2009) found that in bicultural society, the majority spoken language was adopted as it was felt that the opportunities for development could be missed if they didn't.Interestingly Maori was the predominant language in New Zealand prior to the 1840's, according to, but the Native Schools Act in 1867 decreed only English should be spoken and not Te Reo, an Act that was later overly enforced. It was only through the urban migration over the 1940's that the decline of the language and the culture stats it's decline. According the Durie, 1997, the loss of land and need for employment and the planning regulations enforced were some of the key reasons behind the urbanisation. "Urbanisation led to the evolution of different lifestyles" (Durie, 1997, p7) and being separated from the tribes and way of life they knew before, Maori adapted by adopting the majority language. Durie goes on to explain that the need to fit in with the new life and a combination of government policies led to some Maori cutting ties with whanau and adopting the new customs and cultures of their new community.Maori, as a written language was a development from the missionaries in 1841 ( The website goes on to explain that prior to this the handing down of culture, customs and knowledge was done orally, from one generation to the next. "Selected individuals were…trained to be careful and adept crafters of the spoken word" (, 2009). It was the elder generation passing down to the next. However, with the urbanisation and the cutting of ties meant that the "Manaakitia", capacity to care as part of the Nga Take O Te Whanau (Durie, 1997) was difficult to maintain in terms of caring for the elderly as the family had been split. This again could have been a contributing factor to the decline of the language.Language is especially important for the cultural significance of the Waiata (songs) according to Songs and chants have many different uses in the culture to support the ongoing life of the tribe. If the language disappears, these too could disappear. Chanting and singing was passed from the gods to the Maori...

Find Another Essay On Bicultural Education Describe the historical development of one issue of concern to Maori and critically examine the events, attitudes and beliefs that relate to this issue. Discuss the significance for bicultural practice in early childhood education.

The Waldorf Approach to Early Childhood Education

646 words - 3 pages The Waldorf Approach Tanekia Lewis CHFD 210 Childhood Educational Development Dr. Lisset Pickens March 25, 2014 Preschool is a highly debated area of a child’s educational journey. One of the primary goals of preschool is to prep the child for traditional elementary school. There are various contemporary models of early education that have been constructed to help children develop their educational career. A few examples of

Select one moral issue and identify the arguments for the issue, against the issues and outline the teachings of the Catholic church on this issue

710 words - 3 pages Abortion is the ending of a pregnancy before birth. An abortion results in the death of an embryo or a foetus. For many years abortion has been an extremely controversial subject. One important aspect of the issue is whether a woman should be permitted to have an abortion and if so under, what circumstances. This makes abortion a moral issue.The people, who are against abortion, believe that, even though the baby is carried within the mother's

Events that Accumulated to the Foundation of Public Education

906 words - 4 pages , Maine’s governor in the 1830, predicted the culture of this country would fall victim to the emotion of “distrust, envy, and all hateful passions” (p. 27). The reformers of the common schools apprehended that education may become the mechanism for one to free themselves from the shackles of their social class. Although they may not recognize the magnitude of this concept as the nation undergoes a development of urbanization. The majority of

The Issue of Immigration In Comic Books Social and Political Events in American Superhero Graphic Novels that Have Added to the Rising Topic of I

2022 words - 9 pages commercial break that smashes a logo in the viewers face, propaganda is everywhere. With pop culture, many characters have been invented to help imagination become reality. The logo of Superman has been plastered all over the media and on merchandise, even becoming an American symbol; Superman comic books have even outsold Captain America issues. But why is this fact so surprising? No one ever talks about the fact that Superman is an immigrant

"Choose One Religion. Describe The Main Beliefs And Practices Of The Religion And Discuss ...."

5403 words - 22 pages "Choose one religion. Describe the main beliefs and practices of the religion and discuss what might be some of the challenges facing members of that religious community seeking to practice their religion in Britain"The religion that I have chosen to investigate for the purpose of this assignment is Judaism. There has long been a strong Jewish presence in Manchester; in 1875 there was a population of 10000 Jews, (though the first synagogue

The McMillan Sisters and Early Childhood Education

1113 words - 4 pages themselves and society” (McMillan, 1921). This is a powerful statement that attests that the McMillan’s have given children of poverty an equal chance to excel in the world of education. With the Open-Air Nursery, the children received an opportunity to be cared for and nourished both physically and mentally which places them at the same level as children who came from middle class families. The McMillan sisters changed the world of Early Childhood

Critically Discussion of the Issue of Stop and Search

1884 words - 8 pages and Shiner, 2006). Throughout this essay the effectiveness and legitimacy of stop and search and the negative relationship it has built with the public will be critically discussed. The purpose of stop and search, an investigative tool to prevent crime is arguably different to the current practice of this procedure, current research suggests that it is used to gain intelligence and for social control (Bowling and Phillip, 2007). Following this

Relate employee motivation, and managerial attitudes and behaviors, to employee attitudes and job satisfaction in your organization. Relate this to the motivation theories in your readings

1399 words - 6 pages development and training opportunities that are accessible and open to all staff irrespective of their working patterns.* Has a range of policies and practices in place that enable staff to manage a healthy balance between work and their commitments outside workThis along with a combination of CHOICE and Agenda for Change alludes to WLPCT being a great place to be in and work inManagerial AttitudesThere are many teams within the trust who are settled and

Outline three different ways Christians can practice personal devotion in their tradition and analyze how these practices relate to the principal teachings and beliefs of Christianity

1252 words - 5 pages understanding of the word. This devotion of scripture reading is noted through Timothy 4:13 where it states: "Till I come, give attendance to reading". These scriptures, therefore, then relate to the devotions as the scripture contains all beliefs, teachings and events of Christianity, in which are prominent aspects in all devotions.Another popular devotion is the rosary, which is primarily associated with the Catholic Church. It incorporates

Preschool Education: Evaluating the Drawbacks of Early Childhood Education

1043 words - 5 pages , especially for their creativity and imaginations areas in brain, since the children do not have the initiative on learning. Since the early education scheme does not encourage learners to discover their own interest since they do not have the opportunities for more interesting and creative activities in school (Guralnick, 1994). Kong (2005) also mentions that the development of cultural and creative industry does not grow well in Hong Kong since the

The Significance of Education

1327 words - 6 pages for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) conducted a survey of adult skills. They carefully studied the literacy, math and computer skills of 5,000 Americans between the ages of 16 to 65 and juxtaposed the results with twenty-one other countries. The results recorded that Americans are on the list for one of the lowest scoring countries in mathematics and literacy. Granderson finds this to be extremely threatening because these are the

Similar Essays

Early Childhood Research Select A Topic That Relates To The Field Of Ece And Critically Review Select One Methodology And Examine It's Appropriateness In The Ece

892 words - 4 pages professional development and expansion of knowledge. Being able to undertake research and accurately interpret the findings can offer continuous improvement in the early childhood environment and is an essential skill for the educator to develop.Word count - 831Reference List:Hedges, H. (2002). Beliefs and principles in practice: Ethical research with child participants. New Zealand Research in Early Childhood Education, 5, 31-47.Mutch, C. (2005). Doing

A Comparism Of " Animal Farm" And The Events Of "Tiananmen" In Relation To The Issue Of 'education And Learning' And The Power This Brings To Societies

1456 words - 6 pages IMMEDIATELY. Many more fled China seeking refuge in other countries. Most have never returned to China for fear of persecution. What made this event even more horrific to the global community, as these pictures show, is that the international media was present when the tanks rolled in.So as it can be seen, through education and learning comes power and once this power is achieved he or she who possesses this must make decisions as to whether or

The Dichotomy And The Development Of The Early Childhood Education And Care Services In Australia

1905 words - 8 pages The development of Early Childhood education and Care services in Australia is not that easy as we think. Started form the late 19C and early 20C there are lots of change, challenge, belief and arguments. When looking back on the historical stages and compare to the current stage there are lots better funding, resources, policy and practice to have quality early educations. The early childhood services started in late 19C and early 20C. There

The Role Of Testing And Assessment In Early Childhood Education

2264 words - 9 pages and without the the pressures of knowing they are being tested. I believe that while standardized testing is not the best in early childhood education, there should be routine assessments to gauge and monitor the progress of students in order to make changes to the curriculum if necessary. The purpose of curriculum is to outline goals for the teacher to teach and for the students to learn. As a teacher I think that it is important to check in