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Biodiversity Essay

1286 words - 6 pages

Biodiversity is the makeup and interconnectedness of ecological systems. Biodiversity makes up all the diversity among living things within a specific system. This diversity of life is invaluable to human existence for countless reasons; it is a primary source for environmental resources that shape the economics of a region, it provides the scientific community with what seems to be an ever-growing source of data that can be used for things like medicine, and provides food and aesthetic value to human life. Ontario is a privileged province of Canada as it contains over 25,00 different species of plants and animals. (
Lemieux, Scott. 2011) With such a vast collection of biodiversity Ontario ...view middle of the document...

The purpose of the endangered species act is to promote and protect biodiversity in Ontario. More specifically the act was rewritten to protect and reintroduce species at risk in the province. The legislature does this in three major ways, firstly it aims to identify the species at risked based on the best available scientific knowledge; secondly it targets these species at risk along with their habitats, it then aims to protect and promote the recovery of the species at risk. The last major method the statue uses to protect and foster endangered species is the promotion of stewardship toward activates that assist in the protection of endangered species in Ontario. Ontario’s endangered species act was originally created in 1971, and was rewritten again in 2007. The rewriting of the bill was initiated by a coalition of five different environmental groups, including – David Suzuki Foundation, Environmental Defence, Ontario Nature, Sierra Legal Defence Fund (now Eco Justice) and CPAWS-Wildlands League (Endangered Species) the save Ontario species coalition was formed in 2005 and aimed at updating the old legislature (Endangered Species) The coalition outlined some financial and administrative benefits that would be possible if the act was revamped, and specifically indicated the risks of inaction. Furthermore the coalition argued that without a change in legislation environmental organizations would invoke the federal species at risk “failsafe” which would highlight failures of the current legislation and have possibility for federal intervention, which would not be good for the provincial government status. (Endangered Species) Accordingly the act was changed and in 2007 had we had a new Endangered Species Act. The new act had several major revisions including a mandatory protection for the threated species and habitats; the listed endangered species were to be identified though science-based processes, and an in-depth recovery plan for species at risk.
The rewriting of the endangered species act in 2007 was a very positive motion for environmental management within the province, and provides better legislature for many reasons. Firstly the statue recognizes the importance-endangered species through a scientific based assessment, which is assessed through an outside body, The Committee on the Status of Species at Risk, COSSARO. (The Endangered Species Act 2007 - Natural Resource Management Division - Ontario Government) By having an outside body asses the endangered species the act allows for the identification of endangered species to be apolitical, or separate from government influence, however this is never truly possible but it is a progressive attempt (Robbins 2004). Furthermore the rewriting of the legislature offers habitat protection that gives a much greater chance for the endangered species recovery. The new act also focuses on the promotion of stewardship. In this, the act recognizes the significance of Ontarians in the assistance of...

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