Biofuels Essay

1323 words - 6 pages

Over the past years, planet Earth has been warming up. According to NASA's Goddard Institute for Space Studies, average temperatures have risen around1.4 degrees Fahrenheit/0.8 degrees Celsius since 1880. In fact, the rate of warming is increasing. It was reported by a number of climate studies that the last two decades were the hottest in 400 years. Global warming is a major threat to the planet. It is agreed that humans have caused most of the past century's warming by releasing greenhouse gasses, as we power our electronic lives. The “greenhouse effect” is performed when the gasses let out into Earth’s atmosphere trap heat from the sun. Through the burning of fossil fuels, humans are enhancing the greenhouse effect and increasing the temperatures of the planet. Although the greenhouse effect is what keeps the planet warm, thereby supporting life, too much would also result in severe issues. Now, with the increasing rate of greenhouse gases emissions, frozen glaciers are melting, sea levels are rising, and wildlife is scrambling to keep up with the fast pace. Above that, weather can also become more and more extreme. Something has to be done.
As stated earlier, the burning of fossil fuels to produce energy is one of the largest contributors to global warming. This non-environmentally friendly energy source has to be replaced in order to keep the world going. There is a type of energy source that seems easy to create and doesn’t require radical changes: Biofuels. Biofuels are a greener version of diesel and oil. They are any solid, liquid, or gas fuels produced from organic matter; the range of organic materials used for biofuel production includes plants such as corn, sugar cane, soy, and wheat; vegetable oils and animal fats; wood and straw; and organic waste. Are biofuels more harmful than beneficial? Let’s take a closer look.
There are several advantages to using biofuels as an energy source. First of all, it is a renewable energy source, which means we can keep reusing it. According to a report done by The Organic Waste Handling Program for Tallinn City Government, about 65% of an average person’s waste is organic. Instead of dumping the waste in a landfill site and leaving it to rot, it can be used to produce biofuels. People have been using all kinds of waste to produce biofuels. Marginal lands unsuitable for crop production can also be used to grow woody biomass for biofuel production. By running on this renewable energy source, we can reduce our waste and decrease our dependence on fossil fuels. Another important advantage of biofuels is that there is zero carbon emission. The burning of biofuels will emit carbon into the atmosphere. However, the plants or crops will absorb the carbon as they grow. It seems like biofuels is a good solution after all. Also, from an economical point of view, biofuel-manufacturing plants can hire thousands of workers, creating job opportunities. Biofuel production will also increase the demand for certain...

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