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Biography: Ho Chi Minh Essay

1030 words - 4 pages

Ho Chi Minh was born on 19th of May, 1890 in the village of Hoàng Trù in Vietnam during the time of the French colonisation, his given name was Nguyen That Thanh. His father, Nguyen Sinh Sac, was a district magistrate during the early 19th century, who was openly critical of the French policies that had infiltrated the executive arms of the country's ruling elite. Such political ideas were passed down to his son Ho Chi Minh who became of one of the most influential, nationalistic political leaders of the 20th Century. His political philosophy, based on the teachings of Vladimir Lenin, Marx and Confucius, and fueled by an anti-colonial and nationalistic agenda, combined to create a voice that united many Vietnamese to fight for the liberation of Vietnam from French rule. His nationalistic outlook on Vietnam began when he was a student at Quoc Hoc Academy in Hue whom were renowned for the fabricating of students who later became significant figures in Vietnamese history. There were many significant issues throughout Ho Chi Minh's life, these include: his conversion to Communism during his time in France, becoming a founding member of the French Communist Party, his organisation of the Vietnam Revolutionary League, presence in the Comintern, creation of Viet Minh to oppose French rule and Japanese occupation, the announcement of the democratic republic of Vietnam, and the Vietnam War.

Ho Chi Minh left Vietnam in 1911 on board a French Liner whilst working as a chef/steward, where he travelled around visiting Africa and other countries such as the United States as well as England. Ho lived in London for three years until he finally moved to Paris in 1917. It is here that Ho was involved in a French socialist movement where he began to compose his own writings based on the ideas of revolution. During his stay in Paris, Ho sought his chance to present his case on colonialism with changes/reforms to the U.S President Woodrow Wilson but ultimately failed and Ho was ignored despite this, his effort for reforms was well known in Vietnam. It was also in Paris that Ho converted to Communism when he discovered the teachings of Karl Marx, this led him to become one of the establishing members of the French Communist Party in , his status was noticed by the Comintern (Communism International) an organisation wanting to spread communisim around the world. The Comintern offered to recruit Ho, whom readily accepted; his acceptance to join the Comintern led him to travel to Moscow which allowed him to become affiliated with many Soviet leaders such as Joseph Stalin and Leon Trotsky and in the process examined new revolutionary and organisational techniques, these techniques would eventually be deployed when he would become the founder of the Indochinese revolution.

The Comintern sent Ho to Guangzhou, China as a spy in 1925. Ho then took up a different alias whom was called Ly Thuy and spreads his revolutionary thoughts by publishin a book called the Road to...

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