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Biography Of Abraham Lincoln Essay

1857 words - 7 pages

Abraham Lincoln led America through its bloodiest war. His actions changed the nation forever, and his legacy lives on today. Lincoln was the sixteenth President of the United States. Throughout the Civil War, Lincoln’s political strategies aided the Union victory. Lincoln set the Reconstruction of America into motion, and abolished slavery. In what follows, I will be discussing the life of one of the nation’s greatest presidents. Before his famous political career, Lincoln was a self educated lawyer. In debates across his life, he opposed slavery. During his time in Congress and in the Senate, Lincoln passed many laws, some that locally abolished slavery before the Civil War.

Abraham Lincoln was born on February 12, 1809. He was the second child of Thomas and Nancy Lincoln. It is commonly believed that he was born in Illinois, but in fact he was born in Hodgenville, Kentucky. As Lincoln grew up, he moved to Illinois, where he spent most of his childhood as well as some of his adulthood. Lincoln lost his mother at age nine, due to milk sickness. This tragic loss led to Lincoln’s sister, Sarah, to care for him.

Lincoln was often considered lazy by his neighbors. At age twenty-two, Lincoln canoed down the Sangamon River. He arrived in New Salem, where his career began. He then traveled to New Orleans, where he first witnessed slavery. He then traveled back to New Salem. There, he bought a General Store, which he later sold. He then attempted to start his political career with the Illinois General Assembly. His popularity grew, but he lacked connections and money, and lost.

On April 21, 1832, Lincoln joined the Illinois Militia to serve in the Black Hawk War. Three months later, he was discharged. He then launched yet another campaign to join the Illinois General Assembly, but yet again he failed. After serving in the Black Hawk War, Lincoln began educating himself, hoping to become a lawyer. He voraciously read any books he could find. After becoming a lawyer, Lincoln gained a reputation. He then worked to be elected to the Illinois House of Representatives, and succeeded. Lincoln subsequently served four terms as a member of the house.

In 1846, Lincoln was elected to the United States House of Representatives. He vowed then that he would only serve one term. During his time in office, Lincoln worked with Joshua Giddings to abolish slavery in the District of Columbia. After departing from office, Lincoln returned to being a lawyer.

Lincoln became a prairie lawyer, handling any business he could. As his reputation grew, he started to handle Supreme Court cases. Out of 175 cases, he won thirty-one of them. The Illinois Central Railroad depended on him to aid them with lawsuits and more. Lincoln began his political career yet again, and in his Peoria Speech, he openly and blatantly opposed slavery, which began his presidential campaign.

As a prairie lawyer, he defended William Armstrong. Armstrong had been charged with murder....

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