This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Biography Of Burrhus Frederic Skinner Essay

1647 words - 7 pages

Burrhus Frederic Skinner

Burrhus Frederic Skinner was born in a small town called Susquehanna, Pennsylvania on March 20, 1904. His dad was a lawyer and his mom was a house wife. Skinner was the typical boy, he enjoyed playing outside and to build things. He created many inventions as a kid. He and a friend made a cabin in the woods and Skinner created a cart with backwards steering. When working for a shoe store he thought of and invention that helped the broom pick up dust. Skinner also invented a flotation system for a door to door business that would sell berries. The flotation system separated the ripe berries from the bad. Skinner also enjoyed school very much. He even dedicated a book later in life to his English teacher Miss Graves. Skinner did not have a tragic childhood it was fairly easy. The only tragedy was that younger brother died at sixteen from a cerebral aneurysm.
Skinner was an atheist who attended college at Hamilton College to get his bachelor’s degree in English. Hamilton College was a school where students would attend daily masses. Not the place you would think an atheist would choose. To make Skinner even more different than his peers he did not enjoy the typical college activities. He avoided going to football games fraternity parties, instead he enjoyed writing for the school newspaper. The stories he wrote were acute of the school, its faculty, and a frat house. This did not make him the most popular guy on campus. Skinner wanted to be a writer. He would send out stories and poetry trying to get published. He took over his parent’s attic to create a study for himself to help him write. But that plan did not work so he tried moving to New York. He worked in a bookstore there and in that store he read stories about Pavlov and Watson. This is where his love for psychology came from. He decided to go back to school and study Psychology.
This time Skinner went to Harvard to get a degree in Psychology. Skinner who was a twenty-four year old who was rebellious and impatient when it came to what he thought were unintelligent ideas found a mentor in William Crozier. Crozier was the new chair of the Physiology department and Skinner thought he was as intelligent and hard driven as himself. Crozier let Skinner study the behavior of the animal as a whole including what was going on the inside, which is what Skinner wanted. Skinner wanted to relate the behavior to the conditions of the experiment. Crozier encouraged Skinner to experiment. Every time the Skinner’s rat’s behavior changed he would build a new apparatus for them. This is where he discovered what he named operant conditioning. As he studied the rat’s he discovered that the rate at which they pressed a bar down depended on what happened afterwards. This was the opposite of Pavlov and Watson’s theories who talked about the reaction happening because of stimulates beforehand. In 1936 Skinner received his Doctorate in Psychology and moved to Minnesota to teach at the...

Find Another Essay On Biography of Burrhus Frederic Skinner

B.F. Skinner and His Three Famous Ideas in Psychology

1534 words - 7 pages influence that Watson’s rendition had (Mowrer, 2001, p. 4). This was the birth of B.F. Skinner’s rising popularity in the psychology world. Burrhus Frederic Skinner was born on March 20, 1904, in a small quaint town in Pennsylvania called Susquehanna (O’Donohue, Ferguson, 2001). Growing up, Skinner lived a relatively happy and healthy life with a close-knit family. The Skinner family were of middle class and were somewhat religious Presbyterians

B.F. Skinner Essay

1148 words - 5 pages I decided to write my essay on B.F. Skinner, whose full first name is Burrhus Frederic. Skinner was born on March 20, 1904 and past away on August 18, 1990. He is considered an influential psychologist, who is known as an advocate to behaviorism. Skinner became interested in the field of psychology through the work of Ivan Pavlov on conditioned response, articles on behaviorism by Bertrand Russell, and ideas of John B. Watson, the founder of

The Theories of B.F. Skinner

1036 words - 4 pages ? In this paper I am going to investigate B.F. Skinner and his views and philosophy on behaviorism and his approach to behavior therapy.B.F. Skinner was born Burrhus Frederic Skinner in a small railroad town in northeastern Pennsylvania. His childhood was spent in a warm, stable family environment. His father was a lawyer and his mother, according to Skinner, was rigid with high moral standards. She would quickly take alarm if he showed any

Behavior Modification

1104 words - 4 pages Behavior Modification In the book A Clockwork Orange by Anthony Burgess the main character, Alex, is exposed to an experimental technique known as "Ludovico's Technique" which causes him to feel pain whenever he is exposed to sex, violence, or certain types of music. This Ludovico's Technique is a form of behavior modification, most likely inspired by B.F. Skinner. Burrhus Frederic Skinner was a widely known, and criticized, psychologist

All About Skinner

1756 words - 8 pages A room full of rats running around in electrified chambers that deliver unpleasant shocks sounds like a scene from a rodent’s worst nightmare. However, it was in this type of peculiar setting that Burrhus Frederic (B. F.) Skinner conducted some of his most influential experimental studies to determine the orderly interactions of animals within an environment. This idea of creating operant conditioning chambers in order to measure the responses

skinner's theory of operant conditioning

1156 words - 5 pages before the stimuli and therefore, the behavior is not caused by the stimuli Burrhus Frederic Skinner is an American psychologist from the 18th century and he believes it has more to do with external behavior and less to do with internal thinking. In Skinner's opinion, he believes that in order to understand the certain organism's behavior, one must begin to take a look of the initial action and the final event. He is famous for his contribution to

Behavior Modification

2314 words - 9 pages may receive some kind of reward as in having television privileges or have the opportunity to have a prison job or more free time. Burrhus Frederic Skinner graduated from Hamilton College and Harvard University and received a National Medal of Science for Biological Studies. He is an American Psychologist, behaviorist, author, inventor, social philosopher and he was one of the many men who focused on psychological studies of behavior

skinenr's theory of operant conditioning

1648 words - 7 pages Burrhus Frederic Skinner was 18th century American psychologist and the founder of operant conditioning in learning. He believed that external force such as environment can affect an individual’s behavior. According to his theory, one must look at the reinforcement and the consequence in order to understand why organism’s behaved in certain ways. Skinner showed how rat can be used in operant conditioning in his laboratory. Operant conditioning

Stanford Prison Experiment

1338 words - 5 pages paper is to compare and contrast the discoveries from Philip Zimbardo’s Stanford prison experiment and of Burrhus Frederic “B.F.” Skinner’s study regarding the importance of environment. In August of 1971, Philip G. Zimbardo placed a simple advertisement in the local city paper requesting for: “Male college students needed for psychological study of prison life: $15 per day for one-to-two weeks. Beginning August 16,” (Zimbardo, 2005) and thus


1486 words - 6 pages , 1958 on a farm in Connecticut. Burrhus Frederic Skinner was born March 20, 1904 in the small Pennsylvania town of Susquehanna. As a boy, he liked school and enjoyed building things such as sleds, rafts, and wagons; he also enjoyed writing storied and poetry. After college he tried becoming a writer, but eventually decided that he could not succeed because, “I had nothing important to say”, (Crain, 2011, p.187). However in 1948 published a novel


1307 words - 6 pages , called computer programs that computers must follow to perform their functions. One may argue that an external force controls humans too. According to Burrhus Frederic "B. F." Skinner, a philosopher and an Edgar Pierce Professor of Psychology at Harvard University, human free will was an illusion and that any action was a result of the consequences to our previous actions. He believed in transient causation, where one event or state of affairs

Similar Essays

Burrhus Frederic Skinner Essay

1129 words - 5 pages Burrhus Frederic Skinner People do on a day to day basis, many actions without realizing it, and most of the time, they don’t know why they do them. Certain reinforcements, some positive, and some negative have conditioned their actions and thoughts. All organisms, including humans, are greatly influenced by the consequences produced by their own behavior. The environment holds the key to most of the changes that occur in the way a person

Biography Of B.F. Skinner, Psychologist Essay

804 words - 3 pages B. F. SkinnerBurrhus Frederic Skinner, psychologist and behaviorist, was born in Susquhanna, Pennsylvania in 1904 to William Skinner and Grace Burrhus. His father was a lawywer and his mother was a naturally bright woman. Skinner had only one sibling; his brother died at the age of sixteen. Skinner lived most of his life in Susquhanna. He did not leave the house he was born in until he left to go to college. He was raised very close to his

B. F. Skinner Essay

803 words - 3 pages B. F. Skinner Burrhus Frederic Skinner, psychologist and behaviorist, was born in Susquhanna, Pennsylvania in 1904 to William Skinner and Grace Burrhus. His father was a lawywer and his mother was a naturally bright woman. Skinner had only one sibling; his brother died at the age of sixteen. Skinner lived most of his life in Susquhanna. He did not leave the house he was born in until he left to go to college. He was raised very close to his

B.F. Skinner Essay

760 words - 3 pages Burrhus Frederic Skinner (B.F. Skinner) was born March 20, 1904, in the small Pennsylvania town of Susquehanna. His father was a lawyer, and his mother- a strong and intelligent housewife. His upbringing was old-fashioned and hard-working. Skinner was an active, out-going boy who loved the outdoors and building things, and actually enjoyed school. His life was not without its tragedies; however in particular, his brother died at the age of 16 of