Ap world History
May, 27, 2014
Biography of Elizabeth the First
Elizabeth Tudor was born on September 7, 1533 in Greenwich, England. Her parents were Henry the 8 of England and Anne Boleyn. She also had a half-sister who was older named Mary. When born Elizabeth became the next heir to the throne for England. Mary was not considered to be the next heir because Henry the 8 annulled his last wife, Catharine of Aragon, which makes her unable to become heir. She was then baptized on September 10, by an Archbishop named Thomas Cranmer. Then, two years later Anne Boleyn was executed on May 19, 1536. Then Elizabeth was made unworthy to be the next heir and was taking away from her future place on the throne. Later, Henry the 8 married Jane Seymour whom later died from child birth but still gave birth to Prince Edward who was now the predominate heir to the throne. Elizabeth ...view middle of the document...
This soon faded but Mary suspected Elizabeth to be a part of it and had her on house arrest for almost a year on May 22, 1554. Later after Mary's passing, Elizabeth was appointed Queen of England on January 15, 1559. She was 25 when she was appointed to the throne. Her first act as queen was to establish an English protestant church. This later led to the Church of England that's used now. Elizabeth then died on May 24, 1603 at the Richmond Palace.
Elizabeth the First was very much involved in international affairs. The time of her rule was known as the Elizabethan era. Usually between the countries of France, Spain, and Ireland. One of the most historical battle she is associated with is Spain's attempt with their use of the Spanish Armada to invade England on July 12, 1588. With the use of fire ships and better equipped ships the English were successful in fending off the Spanish. This win was great in gathering more supporters for Elizabeth and increasing popularity for the protestant faith in England. Her affairs in France were to support the French with military troops. Her true reason though for sending the troops were to prevent the Spanish from establishing ports in the channel that could assist them in attacking England. With Ireland being the other kingdom she had power over, she still had problems emerging. The Irish population were mostly Catholic which gave her worry that they would side with the Spanish and allow them to put a base there and an easy access point to attack. She had her nobles hold land their to prevent this but this lead to mass revolts. Soon the people of Ireland were starving from Elizabeth's tactic of burning the earth to prevent crops from growing. A revolt the arose was the 9 years war with rebel Hugh O'Neill supported by Spain. It took three years but they finally suppressed the rebellion in 1603, after Elizabeth the Firsts death. Then afterwards, Spain and England signed a peace treaty. As we can see, Elizabeth was a very significant figure for England during her rule. She can be marveled as one of the great Queens of a nation.