Biography of Florence Nightingale
The reputation of nursing in the early nineteenth century was very
bad. Most nurses were untrained and were paid less than factory
workers. They slept in the wards and part of their wages was paid in
gin which explains why most of the nurses were drunk. There was also
hardly any nurses whom the surgeons could trust to give the patients
their medicine. The hospitals in the 19th century were in a horrifying
state. The sick were lying on plank beds with chaff mattresses about
three inches thick between their weary bodies and the hard uneven
planks. The mentally ill shared wards with the normal sane patients.
The infants occupy was a dark stoned paved room, bare of furniture,
with no rug for the babies to crawl or lie upon and there was no
responsible people to see to their feeding and cleanliness. The sick
were nursed by old pauper women and a few younger women of the lowest
class possible, who had no training of any sort and only came to work
as a nurse because it is the last resort of female adversity. Runaway
wives, servants out of place, women bankrupt of fame and fortune ,
often relied upon nursing to fall back on. But maybe on a rare
occasion a respectable young woman takes to it from choice, but the
young respectable women who do take nursing from choice often her
friends would repudiate her.
Florence Nightingale was born in Florence , Italy in 1820 to a
middle-class family. She had a mother named Fanny, a sister called
Parthenope who was a year older then Florence, and lastly a dad.
Florence Nightingale was trained as a nurse at Kaiserwerth in Germany
and at Paris in 1851 to 1852. In 1852 she became a super-intendant of
a home for sick governesses in Harley street, London where all the
good Hospitals and Doctors were situated. In 1854 she received even
more experience at Middlesex.
In 1845 to 1856 the Crimean war took place. It was a battle in which
Russia was against Turkey, France and Britain. Nightingale got to
manage the Scutari hospital where she made some very big changes.
Nightingale only got to manage Scutari because she knew Sir Sidney
Herbert, the secretary at war, otherwise the army would not of wanted
her, mainly because of her gender. The state of the hospitals before
Florence night gale arrived was dreadful. The hospital was overcrowded
and covered in filth. There wasn't even near enough beds or medical