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Biography Of Francis Crick Essay

1321 words - 5 pages

On June 8th, 1916, at Northhampton, England, Francis Harry Compton Crick was brought into

the world. He was the oldest child of his parents, Harry Crick and Annie Elizabeth Wilkins. He had a

brother who was a doctor in New England, his name was A. F. Crick. Francis Crick was a scientist

graduate from University College, London, and Caius College, Cambridge. Crick was a famous

scientist of the 1900s but he is most known for his discovery of the double helix structure of

deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA).

Even as a child Francis Crick was curious and he also very much enjoyed science. He often

made up and created his own experiments while he was just playing around at his home. Crick was

always intrigued by inventing things and even reading and learning more about science. He attended

primary school and then later received scholarships to go on and attend boarding school to pursue his

interests in science. At boarding school, Crick took many science courses such as: Physics, Chemistry,

and science-based math classes (Driscoll 1).

Crick decided in 1940 to marry Ruth Dodd. After they got married, they later had a son by the

name of Michael F.C. Crick. Their son Michael also followed in his dad's footsteps in that he enjoyed

science. Crick's son went on to later become a scientist himself. Crick later divorced Ruth Dodd and

got married to Odile Speed. Crick and Speed had two daughters, Gabrielle and Jacqueline Crick. All

four of them lived in the house which Crick called “The Golden Helix”; here the family liked to host

many gatherings and different types of parties (Francis 2).

Starting in 1947, Crick spent many years studying of subjects that he was not familiar with. He

had basically no knowledge of biology, organic chemistry, or even crystallography. Crick spent a lot of

this time to also work with W. Cochran and V. Vand to work out the theory of X-ray diffraction by a

helix. They suggested that the alpha-keratin pattern happens because of the alpha-helices coiling

one another. These years were very helpful to Crick and he was very interested to further his scientific

studies (Francis 1).

Crick realized he had way more interests in biology than he did in physics in his studies. He

decided to start to study in a field of biological research. Crick joined an institute in Cambridge after

he got a research studentship from a Medical Research Council. He began to study a lot about cells in

a particular biology study. Crick then realized he wanted to start studying at a more advanced level.

He later became the third person of the Medical Research Council Unit. He was a part of this unit

for the remainder of his career (Francis Crick 1-2).

While still a graduate student in 1953, Francis Crick helped discover the structure of DNA. At

this time he also helped to discover the replication responsible for heredity. However, Crick did not

discover all of this on his own; he was accompanied by James Watson....

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