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Biography Of Gerhard Herzberg. Essay

514 words - 2 pages

Gerhard Herzberg was born in Hamburg, Germany, on 25 December, 1904. In 1929 he married Luise Herzberg and soon had two children. Luise died in 1971. Herzberg received early training in Hamburg while studying physics at the Darmstadt Institute of Technology and obtained his Dr.Ing degree in 1928 of H. Rau who was a pupil of W.Wien who was known for his discoveries regarding the laws governing the radiation of heat and was also a noble prize winner. In 1935, Herzberg was forced to leave Germany and came to Saskatoon, Canada where he worked as a guest professor in the University of Saskatchewan. In 1948 he became principle research officer and soon was made director of the division of physics in national research council. By 1955, the Division was divided into 2 sections and Herzberg remained director of pure physics until he was appointed distinguished research scientist in the recombined division of physics in 1969. Herzberg's main contributions are to the field of atomic and molecular spectroscopy. His colleagues and he were able to determine the structures of many different types of diatomic and polyatomic molecules. Herzberg also used spectroscopic studies to identify certain molecules in planetary atmospheres, comets, and interstellar space. Herzberg contributed a lot to the scientific society not just by researching and teaching, but also by taking roles as president or vice-president of several international commissions dealing with spectroscopy. He won the 1971 Nobel Prize in chemistry for using spectroscopy to discover the internal geometry and energy states in simple molecules...

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