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Biography Of James Monroe Essay

631 words - 3 pages

James Monroe - our 5th President - was born on April 28th, 1758, in Westmoreland County, Virginia. His parents were Spence Monroe, and Elizabeth Jones Monroe, and his family was of the planter class. Sadly, James’ parents died when he was in his mid-teens, so he moved to live with his uncle: Joseph Jones. Joseph then became James’ mentor, and great role model. After a few years with his uncle, he attended the college of William and Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia. During his time in college there, the Revolutionary War was beginning to spark up, and Monroe proved himself to be an early patriot. He served as a Continental Army Officer leading Infantry under General George Washington in New York shortly after joining. He fought and distinguished himself in many battles, including the battle of Trenton, Mommouth, Brandywine, and Germantown, however he was severely wounded by a musketball to the shoulder as ...view middle of the document...

George Washingtion sent Monroe to France as a U.S. Minister, where he negotiated the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. He finally returned home in 1808, and 3 years later he was elected Governor of Virginia. During the War of 1812, Monroe held the critical asset offices of Secretary of State, and Secretary of War. Monroe’s popularity rose after the war, and he started to campaign as the Democratic-Republican nominee for the election of 1816. Monroe’s main opposition was from a William H. Crawford. Never the less, Monroe won the election, with 80 percent of the electoral votes. While in Presidency, Monroe’s most noted and studied policy, was the Monroe Doctrine. The Monroe Doctrine is the best known U.S. policy toward the Western Hemisphere and foreign affairs. The doctrine warns the Eastern Hemisphere (the European nations) that the United States will not tolerate any more colonization or puppetry monarchs in her land and interests. This doctrine was brought about by a routine annual message Monroe gave to congress in the winter of 1823. This policy not only changed the foreign policy of that time in our nation, it has still to this day affected our foreign affairs as a nation. The policy wasn’t just a warning however: it assured that the U.S. would remain neutral during a conflict between European nations or its colonies, unless the U.S. felt the conflict or issue is endangering the Americas or itself. However, the world is a very different place today. There is Globalization. Today, all countries are in communication, and conventional warfare is based on new tactics, and weapons. Through it all, the Monroe Doctrine still holds a grip on our foreign affairs. To some it is considered dead, but to most (enough to keep the policy active) it is still very much operational and is referred to in our foreign encounters and conflicts. Our country has only gone to war (since the conceiving of the Monroe Doctrine) in the defense of our nation, interests, people, and when some nation needs a big brother to help them. It is still very much alive, and it only proves that James Monroe’s actions have clearly echoed throughout the centuries of our nations existence.

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