Josef Albers was a German artist whose art laid the foundation of one of the most influential styles of the 20th century. Albers’s roots lead back to a town named Bottrop in Westphalia, Germany. From the time of 1908 to 1913, Albers worked as an educator in his town. In 1918, Albers got his premier public commission, Rosa mystica ora pro nobis, which was a stained-glass window for a local place of worship. He studied art in many major German cities before becoming a student at the prestigious Weimar Bauhaus school in 1920. Despite the fact that Albers was also studying painting, his preferred method was to make stained glass. He joined the ranks in 1922, and used his preferred medium as a part of architecture and as a form of art.
A man named Walter Gropius, who was the founder of the Bauhaus, requested Albers to teach new students, due to Albers’s extensive knowledge and background. Albers quickly rose through the ranks, and he became a professor in the year of 1925, the same year that the Bauhaus had moved to the city of Dessau. During his time there, he married Anni Albers, a student who also resided there. The works he completed usually dealt with furniture or glass.
In 1933, the school closed due to pressure from the Nazi Regime. Due to this, Albers moved to the United States. An architect by the name of Philip Johnson, who was at the time a curator at an art museum, landed a job for Albers as leader of a new school of art, Black Mountain College, North Carolina. He joined in the November of 1933, where he ran the program until 1949. His most notable students at Black Mountain were Robert Rauschenberg, Susan Weil, Cy Twombly, Ray Johnson. During the summer seminars, he invited important American artists such as Willem de Kooning.
Albers had left Black Mountain to become the head of the Department of Design at Yale in...