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Biography Of Josef Mengele Essay

1556 words - 6 pages

Born as the eldest son, March 16, 1911, in Gunzburg, Germany was Josef Mengele. His father was a very wealthy business owner of a manufacturing company of farming equipment. Josef grew up with a strict catholic religion. Later being accepted the University of Munich and obtaining a degree in philosophy. He then pursued a medical degree from the University of Frankfurt am Main, concentrating on physical anthropology and genetics (Killer File). “In January of 1937, at the Institute for Hereditary Biology and Racial Hygiene in Frankfurt, he became the assistant of Dr. Otmar von Verschuer, a leading science figure widely known for his research with twins” (United States Holocaust Memorial Museum). In 1937 Josef Mengele earned his medical degree and made the decision to enlist into the Nazi Party. This is where a man that everyone perceived as smart, intelligent, and nice turned into what he would soon be called, “the angel of death”.
Soon after joining the Nazi Party Dr. Mengele is believed to have worked as a medical personnel that was concentrated in the Central Immigration Office. In this time period the idea of the Aryan Race was still being fully developed. Hitler would soon make his idea of a “final solution” a reality. This included “the extermination of the Jews, Gypsies, Slavs, homosexuals, communists, and other undesirables” (Killer File). Mengele was later wounded while on campaign and later returned to Germany in January of 1943. In April of 1943 Josef Mengele was appointed as an SS captain of the Nazi party and was soon transferred to Auschwitz (United States Holocaust Memorial Museum). Most people don’t realize that Josef Mengele was not the only doctor at Auschwitz nor was he the highest ranking physician there. According to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, the highest ranking medical position at Auschwitz belonged to SS captain Dr. Eduard Wirths, who was in charge of the entire camp complex. Mengele soon undertook the position of chief camp physician of Auschwitz Birkenau, which was still under Dr. Wirths jurisdiction (United States Holocaust Memorial Museum).
Mengele’s interest in twins began to further arise as he continued his work at Auschwitz he soon became intrigued by the idea of experimentation while he was at the camp. His interest in twins stemmed from the work he had earlier done with Dr. Otmar von Verschuer at the Institute of Heredity and Biology in FrankFurt. During that time period research on twins was thought to be an ideal tool in finding variant factors of human heredity and environment. Mengele would soon show his true face when he began taking twins and placing them under his undivided care. Some of the children in the camp would see Dr. Mengele as a father figure, they would have lost their parents in the midst of the transportation or selection during arrival at the camp which would leave some of the younger children without a parent figure. This left Mengele as the only adult that would treat...

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